Ethical Relativism

Ethical Relativism - “ought” refers to value judgments...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ethical Relativism view that there is no objectively correct ethical standard, & consequently, no objectively correct ethical values or principles If u are a subjectivist in the field of ethics u are called an ethical relativist. 2 types of ethical relativism: o cultural relativism – view that ethical standards t “Is it okay to kill cows, cut them up, & eat them?” The cultural relativist will say if u are from the west it’s okay; however, if u live in India where cows are sacred it is morally wrong. t ***in ur paper, write from the point of view of relativism in general (for the section on relativism); no need to get into cultural/individual relativism o Individual Relativism – view that ethical standards t Why would anyone hold such a position? t David Hume – wrote about what came to be called the “Is/Ought” Problem; “is” refers to facts,
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: “ought” refers to value judgments; Hume claimed that “for any theory to be rational, it has to be based on facts;” however, ethics is concerned with values not facts t Let’s say u witness a murder. U observe these facts: the blood of the victim, the look in the eyes of the murderer, even things about urself like how upset u felt; however, can observe that murder is wrong? No, how can u observe an “ought not,” or even an “ought”? t Now, we have laws against murder but that does not mean that murder is wrong just that a society is strongly against it. t “Ought” is of the sentiments/feeling. The victim & the witnessed may have been very upset by the murder but the murder may have very well enjoyed it. t If u accept this theory, that there is no right answer, then ethics would be a waste of time....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY PHI2600 taught by Professor Siegmann during the Spring '11 term at FIU.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online