1 Lecture 11: Memory in the World Fall 2009 Prof. LombrozoOverview of today’s class: 1.Eyewitness testimony 2.Flashbulb memories 3.Recovered memories Reminder: Assignment 4 due by Friday @ 10pm11.2 Memory in the Real World •Everyday memory: – Remembering names, numbers, people, events – Memorizing vocabulary – Learning course material •Cases with societal implications: – Eyewitness testimony •Exceptional events with personal implications: – Flashbulb memory – Recovered memory 11.3 Eyewitness Testimony •75,000 suspects identified by eyewitness in US each year (Wells et al., 1994) •4,500 wrongful convictions based on mistaken eyewitness identification in US each year!(Penrod & Cutler, 1999)
This preview has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.
2 11.4 The Lineup 11.5 Why are eyewitnesses unreliable? •General limitations – Working memory is limited – We forget with time •“Knowledge effects” – Effect of schemas, prior beliefs – Misinformation effect Elizabeth Loftus 11.6 The Misinformation Effect •Phenomenon: Information obtained after a remembered event can alter memory for the event Loftus, Burns, & Miller (1978) “Did another car pass the red sports car while it was stopped at the yield sign?”Loftus & Palmer (1974)“About how fast were the cars going when they hit/smashed each other?” “Did you see any broken glass?”