Lecture 2 Lecture 2 Introduction in Sea/Land/Air International Transportation (A)
Global Logistics is provided by all modes of transport, including pipelines transport commonly used f or the carriage of liquids and gases
However, the majority of world shipments are made via air and sea transportation by vessels and airplanes.
• The specific types of carriers that transport world ocean-borne trade are liners, tramps, and private vessels. Each type provides specific service features to the international transportation users.
• Cargo vessels running to a schedule are s ometimes referred to as liners.
• Liners ply fixed set routes according to established schedules and typically charge according to published tariffs which either are unique to the ship line or made by several lines on a particular trade route (i.e. conference tariffs).
• Liner services consist of container or break-bulk vessels.
• Break-Bulk Cargo • Also called general cargo, having a high value per unit of weight, cove rs a great variety of commodities and is usually manufactured or processed, and loaded by number or count (piece-by-piece, or bundle-by-bundle)
Bulk Cargo Bulk Cargo Bulk Cargo Bulk Cargo Bulk cargo is unpacked free-flowing homogenous cargo loaded by shovel, pump, bucket or scoop and poured loose in a certain space of a vessel.
Container Container Vessels Vessels
Freight moved by container vessels must be forwarded to Container Yard (CY) or Container Freight Station (CFS) inside the container terminal
- Fall '19
- Cargo airline, air carriers, Nippon Cargo Airlines