notes3 - 19 th Century - Piano 17:23 Piano • Created...

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Unformatted text preview: 19 th Century - Piano 17:23 Piano • Created around 1710 • Italian harpsichord maker made the piano* • First composer to really use the piano was Beethoven o Predecessors used it also, but not as much • 19 th Century: piano becomes the major instrument in music • John Rubenstein host the piano program o His father was a famous pianist. • Steinway and Baldwin o 2 piano very popular in this country • television and phonograph took the piano out of the home. The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 Early Romantic Style • We will call the entire 19 th century the Romantic Period/Style Terminology • Virtuoso o One who excels in the technique of an art • Orchestration o To arrange for an orchestra • Idiomatic o Composing in a manner peculiar to the instrument being used • Gesamkunstwerk o Total art work The Early Romantic • 1825-1835 o right around the point of Beethoven’s death • how music changed between 1825-1830 o warning signs Paganini had desire to make the difficult seem effortless • * The General Artistic Climate • Music followed lead of literature and art Next The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 • 1829 – Mendelssohn found Bach’s St. Matthew Passion o he learned and played this piece • Music changed in Russia, Poland Bohemia, and Hungary • Piano is now the instrument of choice in 1830 • “art” song became popular o art song is a short song like the length of modern day songs • song and sonata form are being perfected Felix Mendelssohn 1809-1947 • Kept a foot in the classical and Romantic • At age 16, he composed is Octet for Strings in E flat o Arranged for 8 players • Ended up writing a wedding march o “Here comes the bride” Hector Berlioz 1803-1869 • Model for the Romantic composer • Didn’t write piano music, and didn’t play the piano (was not a “salon” composer) o Played guitar and flute • Brilliant orchestrator • Went to the Paris Conservatory against his father’s will and became quite the composer The Piano…. • 1825-1865: instrument of choice was the piano The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 • thousands of pieces were composed for it Chopin • Was Polish and lived in Paris • Only great virtuosos can really play his music without having problems Franz Liszt • Greatest pianist of the 19 century • Champion of the “New Music” • He goes beyond what the normal piano technique is. o Redefined what the 10 fingers were capable of doing o Transcendental technique • Historical importance outweighs his matinee idol image Robert Schumann • His style influenced composers for the rest of the century...
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course MUS 1004 taught by Professor Richardcole during the Fall '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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notes3 - 19 th Century - Piano 17:23 Piano • Created...

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