notes3 - th 19 CenturyPiano Piano Createdaround1710 o...

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19 th  Century - Piano 17:23 Piano Created around 1710 Italian harpsichord maker made the piano* First composer to really use the piano was Beethoven  o Predecessors used it also, but not as much  19 th  Century: piano becomes the major instrument in music John Rubenstein host the piano program o His father was a famous pianist.  Steinway and Baldwin  o 2 piano very popular in this country   television and phonograph took the piano out of the home. 
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The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 Early Romantic Style We will call the entire 19 th  century the Romantic Period/Style Terminology Virtuoso o One who excels in the technique of an art Orchestration o To arrange for an orchestra Idiomatic o Composing in a manner peculiar to the instrument being used Gesamkunstwerk  o Total art work The Early Romantic 1825-1835 o right around the point of Beethoven’s death how music changed between 1825-1830 o warning signs Paganini had desire to make the difficult seem effortless * The General Artistic Climate Music followed lead of literature and art Next
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The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 1829 – Mendelssohn found Bach’s  St. Matthew Passion  o he learned and played this piece  Music changed in Russia, Poland Bohemia, and Hungary Piano is now the instrument of choice in 1830 “art” song became popular o art song is a short song like the length of modern day songs song and sonata form are being perfected Felix Mendelssohn 1809-1947 Kept a foot in the classical and Romantic At age 16, he composed is Octet for Strings in E flat o Arranged for 8 players  Ended up writing a wedding march o “Here comes the bride” Hector Berlioz 1803-1869 Model for the Romantic composer Didn’t write piano music, and didn’t play the piano (was not a “salon”  composer) o Played guitar and flute Brilliant orchestrator Went to the Paris Conservatory against his father’s will and became quite the  composer The Piano…. 1825-1865: instrument of choice was the piano
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The Early Romantic Style: 1825-1865 17:23 thousands of pieces were composed for it Chopin Was Polish and lived in Paris Only great virtuosos can really play his music without having problems Franz Liszt Greatest pianist of the 19 century Champion of the “New Music”  He goes beyond what the normal piano technique is.  o Redefined what the 10 fingers were capable of doing  o Transcendental technique  Historical importance outweighs his matinee idol image  Robert Schumann His style influenced composers for the rest of the century Giuseppe Verdi His music in dramatic 
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