music history notes

music history notes - Ragtime is fast and annoying Tango,...

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Ragtime is fast and annoying Tango, sounds like tom and jerry, orchestra KC break, lots of stops, first to incorporate breaks Duke ellington, sounds like ragtime kinda but slower, all piano, pretty boring Wilson Pickett, 1965 rock and roll, dancefloor as a community, singalong The who, rock and roll, 1965 Djs want music with breaks, james brown has it, emotional build ups, Thelma Houston has it Technology is the last piece of the puzzle 2 nd lecture Know Olly 5 things about African stuff Cross rhythms, highly developed varying rhythmic motions stim dynams of contrasting moments of emotional stress phenom likely to happen in actually human Clave = afro Caribbean music Pakakago – cross rhythms, tension then resolution when the simple beats hit Fearlessness = intrepidity Boogie Woogie (piano examples), how is it different from rag? syncopated riff. .extended = cross rhythm, super complicated syncopations that keep changing. 1..2. .3. .4. . _*_*_*_*_*_* *__*__*__*__ Amos Milburn, Chicken Shack Boogie, 1946 Jackie Brenston, Rocket 88, 1951 (first rock n roll song??) Rock n roll, white guys, sounds like hill billy music (clapping on the back beats) Examples of back beats:
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8 beat grid of rock n roll 1.2.3.4. ^ ^ * * Chuck Berry, Maybellene ^^, simple 8 beat grid, rock drum 1.2.3.4. ^^ ^ * * The beatles, I saw her standing there ^^ Wilson pickett, in the midnight hour: example of really trying to emphasize the back beat to get white ppl to move (thanks black guys!) The four tops, it’s the same old song: Four four rhythm 1.2.3.4. ^ ^ ^ ^ * * * “tighten up” each instrument in the song tightens up the rhythm one by one to draw attention to its complexity before you do some gay dance to it, cool song though. This bands from Houston, black cultural connection between Houston and new Orleans and LosA. Song from new Orleans: The Meters, Cissy Strut, 1969 Very complex rhythm, white ppl cant hang, pre-funk music 1.2.3.4.1.2.3.4. xx x x xx x x ^ ^ ^ * * * ** * * high hat snare kick this song has the backbeat (kick at 1 and snare at 3) but a lotta other stuff added
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new Orleans music has preserved more of the classic western African rhythms because of its history, so that rhythm began to surface round the 60s and 70s New Orleans style “second Line” syncopated drumming (in 16) The marching band example, and Huey smith and the clowns, Suzy Q, 1961 The drummer in the clowns leaves and meets up with James Brown, big turning point for funk. James brown goes from gay in the 50s to funk in the 60s when he joins Wed week 2 . . . missed some. . . James Brown superbad 1+2+3+4+1+2+3+4+ xoxxxoxxxoxxxoxx hi hat ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ snare (clave) 3+3+2 emphasizing the 1 * * ** * * and disrupting the steady backbeat /--/----/--/---- guitar is more like rhythmic tool playing 16 th notes drummer adds “ghost note” right after the 3 rd beat on a 16 th 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + x o x x x o x x ^ ^ g ^ * * * //----//-------- b b b bbb b note cross rhythms (threes) at more than one level (snare
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course MUSIC HIST 8 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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music history notes - Ragtime is fast and annoying Tango,...

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