Migration Process (I) - Internal Migration Migration: Any permanent change in residence. Internal migration: Migration within the same country. International migration: Migration between countries. migration flow: The process of people moving from one place to another. migrant stock: The people who move into and out of a given place. residential mobility: Changing residence regardless of how long or short the distance. Why Do people Migrate? Push-pull theory o People move because they are pushed out of their former location, or because they have been pulled someplace else. o Implementing strategy o A goal (education, a better job, a nicer house, a more pleasant environment, and so on) might be attained by moving. Generalizations About Migration 1. Migration is selective. Only a selected portion of the population migrates. 2. The heightened propensity to migrate at certain stages of the life cycle is important in the selection of migrants. Who Migrates? o Young adults are more likely to migrate than people at any other age. See the age pattern of internal migrants in Figure 7.4 (page 276). In most societies, it is expected that young adults will leave their parents’ home, establish an independent household, get a job, marry, and have children. In the U.S., women have virtually the same rates of migration as do men, reflecting increasing gender equity (see Figure 7.4 again). Frey: Patterns of Population Movement in the US Uneven urban revival o A select few metropolitan areas are gaining migrants at the expense of others. Regional racial division o Influx of immigrants from Asia and Latin America diversified the receiving states (California, Texas, and New York).
Frey: Patterns of Population Movement in the US Regional divisions by skill level and poverty Redistribution of knowledge-based industries creates a migration of those with more education. Baby boom and elderly realignments Early baby boomers moved west and south. Suburban dominance and city isolation The modal commuter now lives and works in the suburbs. Migration Process (II) - International Migration step migration: A process whereby migrants attempt to reduce the risk of their decision by sort of inching away from home. The rural resident may go to a nearby city, and from there to a larger city, and perhaps eventually to a huge megalopolis. chain migration: Involves migrants in an established flow from a common origin to a predetermined destination where earlier migrants have already scoped out the situation and laid the groundwork for the new arrivals. International Migration Theories Initiation Neoclassical economics theory The new household economics of migration Dual labor market theory World systems theory Perpetuation Network theory Institutional theory Cumulative causation Immigration to the US Geographic origin of immigrants has changed dramatically.
- Summer '20