APES Chapter 18 Notes - Chapter 18 Notes Crude Oil...

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Chapter 18 Notes Crude Oil: - naturally occurring petroleum, normally pumped from wells in oil fields - refinement of crude oil produces most of the petroleum products we use today Natural Gas: - naturally occurring gaseous hydrocarbon generally produced in association with crude oil or form gas wells - an important efficient and clean burning fuel commonly used in homes and industry Oil in 21 st Century: - The U.S. has an energy problem caused by dependence of fossil fuels, especially oil - Max global production is expected between 2020 and 2050 - The challenge is to plan for the decline in oil supply and shift to alternative energy sources - 11 million barrels of oil are imported into the U.S. every day Environmental Effects of Oil and Natural Gas: - Recovery: damage to fragile ecosystems, water and air pollution, and waste disposal - Refining: soil water and air pollution - Delivery and use: energy to power automobiles, produce electricity, etc.
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