Chapter 1 Gov Study Guide

Chapter 1 Gov Study Guide - Chapter 1 Study Guide...

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Chapter 1 Study Guide Government: the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. Public policies: all of the things a government decides to do. They cover matters ranging from taxation, defense, education, crime, and healthcare to transportation, the environment, civil rights, and working conditions. Legislative Power: the power to make laws and to frame public policies Executive Power: the power to execute, enforce, and administer laws Judicial Power: the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society Constitution: the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government Dictatorship: powers held by a single person or small group. Those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people. Democracy: supreme authority rests with the people State: a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically (that is, with a government), and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority Sovereign: has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies Autocracy: a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power Oligarchy: a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self- appointed elite. Unitary Government: a centralized government. All powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. It creates local units of government for its own convenience. Federal Government: the powers of government are divided between a central
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2011 for the course GOVERNMENT 100 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UC Irvine.

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Chapter 1 Gov Study Guide - Chapter 1 Study Guide...

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