m211scsusp20 shostakovich.pptx - The Music of Shostakovich Music 211 Music History 2 Dr Elizabeth Lorenzo SCSC(Spring 2020 Historical Background The

m211scsusp20 shostakovich.pptx - The Music of Shostakovich...

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The Music of Shostakovich Music 211: Music History 2 Dr. Elizabeth Lorenzo SCSC (Spring 2020)
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Historical Background: The Rise of the Soviet Union 1917 Russian (“Bolshevik”) Revolution: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924) 1922: Country takes the name Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Soviet totalitarianism: Influence of Karl Marx (1818-83) and Friedrich Engels (1820-95), The Communist Manifesto (1848). In 1922 Josef Stalin begins his rise to power, and, when Lenin dies in 1924, institutes a series of “reforms.” 1930s: Stalin’s reign of terror and the “Great Purges.”
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Socialist Realism Official doctrine that would drive the development of the Russian arts. Music and its subject matter must be presented in a “realistic” style, honoring the Russian people and the nation’s revolutionary history. Works of art should be accessible in content and meaning to people with no formal training. Roots in folklore and other popular styles.
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Dimitry Shostakovich (1906-75)
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Shostakovich’s Life and Career
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