BIOL211#1 - Chapter 26 Taxonomy Taxonomy and Systematics...

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1 Chapter 26 Taxonomy and Systematics Taxonomy Taxonomy is the science of describing, naming, and classifying extant and extinct organisms In the mid-1700’s Carolus Linnaeus introduced a system for placing living organisms into progressively smaller heirarchial groups - Kingdom - Phylum - Class - Order - Family - Genus -Species Early classification systems had only two Kingdoms – Plants – Animals In 1969, Robert Whittaker proposed a system with five Kingdoms
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2 More recently, a three Domain system has replaced the five Kingdom system – Domain Bacteria – Domain Archaea – Domain Eukarya Figure 26.1 Taxonomic Classification of the Gray Wolf Figure 26.2 Carolus Linnaeus also developed a standard method for naming species based on binomial nomenclature Scientific names – First part: Genus – Second part: specific epithet ( species ) – First letter of the genus is capitalized and the entire binomial is italicized
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3 Scientific names – Humans: Homo sapiens
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course BIOL 211 taught by Professor Boury during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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BIOL211#1 - Chapter 26 Taxonomy Taxonomy and Systematics...

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