Natural law and positivism

Natural law and positivism - TheCaseoftheOvercrowdedLifeboat

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The Case of the Overcrowded Lifeboat --Lifeboat fits 24 safely --23 people, including first mate  and 2 crew members already on  board --6 people in the water --one pulled onboard; others die
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Murder defined by  state criminal law as  the unlawful killing of  a human being with  malice aforethought
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General justification defense : Conduct that the actor believes to be  necessary to avoid a harm or evil to  himself or to another is justifiable,  provided that the harm or evil sought  to be avoided by such conduct is  greater than that sought to be  prevented by the law defining the  offense charged .
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US v. Holmes  (1842) --passengers must have priority  over crew members -- lots must be drawn to  determine who should be  sacrificed
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Utilitarianism: The morally correct act is  that which will produce the  best consequences for all  affected
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Deonotology: The morally correct action is  that which fulfills our duties  and obligations to others.
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Natural law theory: Law is  justice Law is morality
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St. Thomas Aquinas:
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course COMM 300 taught by Professor Yanovitsky during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Natural law and positivism - TheCaseoftheOvercrowdedLifeboat

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