Political Soc 3 - Power and Ideology

Political Soc 3 - Power and Ideology - USA Today/Gallup...

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USA Today/Gallup Poll, 2010 “Do you consider yourself to be conservative, moderate, or liberal?”
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Gallup Poll – 2010 43 42 % Conservative 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 39 39 39 39 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 37 37 37 3 7 3 7 36 36 % Moderate 36 35 22 22 21 21 21 20 20 20 19 19 19 19 19 19 Pg. 52 is 1992-2008
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An ideology consists of ideas about how power in society should be organized.
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As we consider classical liberalism, modern liberalism, modern conservatism, fascism, socialism, and communism, ask yourself these questions: 1. What assumptions lie behind each ideology? 2. Which assumptions might be open to some kind of evaluation based on observation and experience? 3. What distribution of advantage and
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Classical Liberalism Main Ideas: The fundamental theme is freedom of the individual. Society is organized by 2 basic institutions: the marketplace and representative government.
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Origins of Classical Liberalism: From natural law comes the notion that the individual is at the center of God’s order. Human reason can uncover the meaning of God’s plan and can allow for the construction of a political order. Divine plans no longer have to be interpreted by priests and kings.
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Origins of Classical Liberalism (continued): The concept of interest went through a series of modifications, first from national interest to the notion of group interest, then to individual interest, and finally to economic self-interest. These transformations were largely the work of 17 th century English liberals.
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The Marketplace: An economic system based on the private production and distribution of goods and services. Individuals have rights in this type of economic system to pursue self-interest without government interference. The rise and fall of prices in response to supply and demand sets the framework for consumption.
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Jobs would all be performed by those most skilled in each specialization. Individuals prosper or not, depending on their
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Political Soc 3 - Power and Ideology - USA Today/Gallup...

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