Sept23 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. ± The Rational- C hoice model of Adam Smith: ² Self-interest as the primary motivating factor behind human behavior and the basis of social relations ² Exchanges as the means by which humans seek to maximize rewards. ² The collective consequence of this natural human tendency toward exchange and self-interest is beneficial for society (e.g., social solidarity, higher productivity/development, less waste) ± Critiques: ² Justifies social inequality ² Public goods? Four Classical Perspectives on Society: 2. CONFLICT THEORY
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2 SOCIOLOGICAL EXEMPLARY GUIDING UNIT OF MODEL THEORIST IMAGE ANALYSIS ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1) RATIONAL-CHOICE ADAM SMITH CLOCK INDIVIDUAL 2) CONFLICT THEORY KARL MARX FIGHT CLASS 3) FUNCTIONALISM E. DURKHEIM BODY SOCIETY 4) SYMBOLIC G. H. MEAD ‘CHAT’ THE DYAD INTERACTIONISM SOCIOLOGICAL EXEMPLARY GUIDING UNIT OF MODEL THEORIST IMAGE ANALYSIS ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2) CONFLICT THEORY KARL MARX FIGHT CLASS Karl Marx (1818-1883 ) “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.”
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3 “All that is solid melts”: 1848 ± Irish potato famine & European Depression. ± Revolutionaries deposed King Louis Philippe. ± Hungarians, Austrians, Czechs, Venetians, Germans revolted against monarchs. ± Mazzini inspired Italian protests against Austria in 1847; violent demonstrations 1848 in Milan, Palermo, Sardinia-Piedmont, and Genoa. The Papal States won a constitution. ± 1849-1850: Every Revolutionary movement was destroyed by the Austrian, Prussian, and French states.
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Sept23 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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