Sept21 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. ± One can think of social structure in terms distributions of types of individuals/groups, but also in terms of patterns of interactions (social networks) ± Culture (shared systems of thought and behavior) is based on communication, beliefs, norms, and values. ± Structure without culture is just meaningless patterns; culture without structure is random behavior/ideas Four Classical Perspectives on Society: 1. RATIONAL-CHOICE THEORY
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2 LEVELS OF ANALYSIS ± Microsociology: the study of everyday behavior in face-to-face interaction ± Macrosociology: the analysis of large-scale social systems like the political system or the economic order ± Each of these overarching theories of social action aims to link micro-level dynamics to macro-level processes, or to link the INDIVIDUAL and the COLLECTIVE Culture, Structure, and Agency ± Human action is influenced/constrained by sociocultural factors--it is SOCIAL ACTION
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Sept21 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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