Oct28 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. Stratification over time: ± hunter -gatherers: little stratification ± agrarian society: considerable stratification ± industrial society: less stratification ± postindustrial society: more stratification SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: Racial and Ethnic Inequality
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2 Conventional Definitions ± A race is a human group that has some observable, common biological feature. ± Ethnic groups are groups with different cultural heritages. ² Perceive themselves as sharing a distinct bond. ± Individuals can make a choice about continuing to remain in an ethnic group, but they cannot make this choice with a racial group What is he? “On my father’s side, I am African -A merican. On my mother’s side, I am Thai. Truthfully, I feel very fortunate, and equally proud, to be both African- American and Asian. The bottom line is that I am an American…I’m not out just to be the best black player. I want to be the best golfer ever.” William Owen Bush mulatto: white & black parents Heather Locklear, father side, tri-racial isolate: European, African, Native American (“Hold-fast”)
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3 Social construction of differences ± Usual categories are arbitrary. .. ² Intragroup genetic differences can be greater than intergroup ones. Sugar looks like salt but is more like corn syrup. ² People in different races/ethnicities are more alike than not ² Race is a relationship ± Symbols matter: Race is real but not natural “flesh” to “peach” 2008: Ortho-evra patch “Beige was selected because it best maintained its appearance over the 7-day wear period.”
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4 Institutional discrimination ± When discrimination gets built into everyday assumptions and practices.
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Oct28 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously...

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