Oct26 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: Changes in Stratification Across Societies Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. THE INEVITABILITY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION ¡ Marx and Weber on Stratification ¡ Mosca on the Inevitability of SS ¡ Functionalist Theory of SS ¡ Conflict Theory of SS 2 3 STRATIFICATION OVER TIME Stages in the development of stratification: ¡ hunter-gatherers: little strat ¡ agrarian society: considerable strat ¡ industrial society: more or less? (for Marx: more strat, for Smith: less strat) ¡ postindustrial society: more or less? Simple Societies ¡ Threat of death and universal poverty as basis of relative equality ¡ Stratification according to age and sex ¡ Within age and sex groups, little stratification, primarily based on achievement and expressed in terms of prestige and power 4 Agrarian Societies ¡ Extensive material property becomes possible ¡ Surplus food production leads to specialization and urbanization ¡ State of perpetual war...
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Oct26 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL...

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