Oct21 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL...

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1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: The Inevitability of Stratification Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. FORMAL CONTROL ± Reserved for deviant acts that are considered illegal or warranting legal grounds for intervention. ± Serves as a mechanism of: ² Prevention ² Deterrence ² Reform/Resocialization
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2 Marx on Social Stratification ± Let’s review! Weber on Social Stratification ± Weber builds on Marx and starts with the economic system, but he quickly establishes that there is more to power than money : people can get power through social honor, or use power for things other than monetary gain. ± Therefore, the social order and the economic order are not identical. The economic order is merely the way in which goods are distributed and used. ± Thus, Weber posits three dimensions along which social groups are formed: Economic, Social (“Honor” or “Lifestyle”), and Political. These three are related, but understanding how each works lets us make better sense of how changes in society occur, and how the exercise of power, economic, and cultural goods is to be understood. ± Political power, economics, and honor constitute the “social order”. Three parameters of social stratification, Or three ways of exercising power Economic Order Cultural Order Political Order Status groups Parties Classes
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3 Classes ± Weber argues that owners are in a better position to benefit from what they have than are non-owners, because owners can use their economic resources to further their economic position, whereas non-owners only have their labor (services) to provide. Thus, classes tend to fall along the lines of owners and non-owners. ± However, Weber also makes the important distinction between control and ownership of property: If you can control the means of production such that you can use them to further your economic position, it matters little if you actually own them. Classes ( continued ) ± Each of these can then be broken up by the type of ownership and type of service they provide, in many ways. ± Classes for Weber: /\ Owners Service Providers / non-owners | | | | | | | | (many types) (many types) / \ / \ \ \ ± Rentiers Entrepreneurs Middle classes Skilled/Semi/Unskilled workers ± This is a much more fluid, and complicated vision of economic class than Marx.
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Oct21 - SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology SOCIAL...

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