Nov4 - From command economies to the free market No...

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1 SOCIOLOGY 101 Introduction to Sociology Previously on “Introduction to Sociology”…. ± Urban Inequality ± Racial Inequality (combined with class inequality) maps onto urban inequality ± Urban segregation led to the emergence of the “urban underclass” (i.e., inner city poverty) SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: Global Inequality
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2 Social Change in perspective ± Change in societies occurs due to internal and external factors ² Technological innovation ² New cultural values and social structures ² Population changes ² Conflict ± Global inequality begs the following questions: ² Why has social change been uneven between nations? ² Why has the technological modernization of the West been unevenly adopted by other nations? ² Can all societies be modernized?
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4 Approaches to studying global inequality
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5 Theories of modernization
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Unformatted text preview: From command economies to the free market No incentive to work more than necessary in command economy Surplus is rewarded in the free market The Protestant Ethic Doctrine of predestination compelled people to work hard and consume little The state theory of modernization Repressive state=command economy Tame state=free market Dependency Theory Marxism applied to state relations World Systems Theory Core states (diversified economy, stable government) Peripheral states (specialized economy, repressive government) Semiperipheral states (share features of both of the above) Globalization Key features: Global market Global communications Global, uniform, culture The Global Village??...
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Nov4 - From command economies to the free market No...

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