Social Learning.ppt - Do we need social interaction Harry Harlow\u2019s \u2018Surrogate Mothers\u2019 and other experiments Group 1 Terrycloth mother did not

Social Learning.ppt - Do we need social interaction Harry...

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Do we need social interaction? Do we need social interaction? Harry Harlow’s ‘Surrogate Mothers’ and other experiments Group 1: Terrycloth mother did not provide food. Group 2: Wire mother provided food.
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Isolation Chambers Isolation Chambers Pit of Despair
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Isolation of Monkeys Isolation of Monkeys Partially and Fully isolated monkeys Partially isolated (occasional social contact) – Repetitive circling of cages, blank staring, and occasional self mutilation Total social deprivation (6, 12, 24 months) 6 months = emotional shock when reintroduced: rocking and clenching, rare anorexia 12, 24 months = “obliterated the monkeys socially” All isolated monkeys exhibited little to no recovery
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Social Learning Social Learning Process of altering behavior observing and imitating the behavior of others. Observational Learning and Cognitive Learning “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do.” Albert Bandura (1977)
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Observational Learning Observational Learning Observational Learning Observational Learning Learning by observing others. Modeling Modeling The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior. Vicarious Reinforcement Vicarious Reinforcement You first engage in a behavior because you saw someone else get rewarded Directly tied to Operant Conditioning
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Mirror Neurons Mirror Neurons Fire both when performing actions and when observing another doing so.
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