Philo 1: Applied PhilosophyINTRODUCTIONJERONE EDISON M. LORENTETHE SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN EXISTENCEI.Social Philosophy and Social SciencesAlthough both philosophy and science spring from existence, from theinherent desire of the human person to know reality, they differ in theirapproach and intent. Philosophy seeks to understand reality in its totality and ultimate value,while science attempts to control and manipulate it. The philosophical approach is integrative of experience, whereas thescientific approach cannot be partial in the sense that it isolates a certainaspect of reality. Science makes reality into an object, sometimes apart from the inquirer orthe scientist, because the objectivity of science demands that the personof the scientist must not intrude into his inquiry.The objectivity of philosophy, on the other hand, requires that it besubjective, not in the pejorative sense of subjectivistic, but in the sensethat the philosopher is part of the reality that he is investigating.In this light, social philosophy and the social sciences, although inquiringinto the same social reality, are distinct from each other.Social philosophy:It penetrates into the social dimension of human existence with theimmediacy of intuition, searching its meaning and values,conceptualizing them for the sake of integrative meaningful living. The structures that social philosophy seeks to understand are nottaken in isolation from one another but placed in a figure-horizon sortof way. Example: The economic structure of society cannot be understoodindependently of the politicaland vice versa.Social philosophy attempts to understand his being-with-others-in-society in a total integrative way.