7b.+Political+Dissenters+and+the+Road+to+Revolution

7b.+Political+Dissenters+and+the+Road+to+Revolution -...

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Unformatted text preview: Political Dissent & Religious Awakenings Awakenings Changing Political Relations Deference & Coercion Dissent and Protest, 1730s-1760s Bread, Markets and Land Impressment Riots Regulators Collective Effects of Dissent & Protest Creating Unity across Colonies Great Awakening, 1720s-1750s British Colonial Policies (mercantilism; sovereignty) French & Indian War (1754-1763); Peace of Paris Reasserting British Control Revenue Acts: Sugar Act (Tariff, 1764); Stamp Act (Tax, 1765) Revenue Resistance and Boycotts Townshend Duties (Tariffs,1767), including Tea Colonists Refusing to Show Deference Deference Boston Public Market, Faneuil Hall, Completed 1742 Completed Impressment of Dockworkers Leads to Riots, 1740s-1760s Leads Regulators (presented as heroes in 19th century painting) 19 Colonial Dissent and Protest, 1730s-1760s 1730s-1760s Class conflict replaces class deference Officials fail to respond to petitions from Officials less powerful less Protesters attack property rather than Protesters persons persons Rough equality among protesters Community support for dissent/protest Great Awakening Great 1730s-1750s New Forms of Religious Appeal New New Light Ministers introduce Traveling (itinerant) preachers Extemporaneous & passionate preaching Uneducated ministry promoted Mass audiences from different communities Mass and different churches/denominations and Simple theology: God all powerful, people all Simple sinful sinful Equality before God; poor viewed as more Equality pious pious Legacies of Great Awakening Legacies Common targets of resentment—rich and Common extravagant in England and colonies extravagant Techniques of mass communication across the Techniques colonies colonies Commitment to greater moral cause Challenges to established forms of authority and Challenges deference deference Some colonial leaders embrace new teachings Some and techniques along with ordinary folk and British Colonial Policies British Mercantilism Sovereignty “Salutary neglect” Revenue Acts after Revenue French & Indian War French King George III of England French and Indian War French 1754-1763 Stamp Act Crisis,1765-66 Stamp Home of Lt. Gov. Hutchinson Home Burying the Stamp Act Burying Impact of Stamp Act Crisis Impact Colonists organize effective, colony-wide Colonists protests that force Parliamentary repeal protests Individuals emerge as leaders: Patrick Henry, Individuals Samuel Adams Samuel Use of techniques from Great Awakening to Use arouse popular support arouse Growing influence of ordinary colonists through Growing parades and demonstrations parades Power of printed word and images to spread Power protest and new political ideas protest Merchants Importing British Goods during Townshend Boycott during ...
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