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18.+Civil+War+I+Battlefields+and+Homefronts - Civil War I...

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Unformatted text preview: Civil War I Civil Lincoln Elected & 7 States Secede, 1860-61 The First Shots Fired: Ft. Sumter, April 1861 The Early Years of Civil War Union vs Confederate Resources Life in the Armies U.S. Sanitary Commission, the North Conscription Acts; New York City Draft Riots, 1863 Wartime Casualties Making Sacrifices Meaningful The Emancipation Proclamation, 1863 The Southern Homefront The Northern Homefront and Union Policies Deep South States form Confederate Government, Feb1861 Confederate Why Southern States Secded Why Precedents: Nullification Act against Tariff Precedents: of 1828 of Believed North would not fight—Buchanan Believed took no action against So Carolina; Northern investments in South Northern Lack of military leaders and traditions in Lack North North Britain and France need southern cotton North getting stronger each year Lincoln’s Inauguration March 4,1861 March Confederacy Expands to 11 States Confederacy Superior Northern Resources Superior Resources Resources Population Industry Iron Prod’n Railroads North South South 22 million 9 million $17 billion/yr $256 mil/yr 480,000 tons 31,000 tons 20,000 miles 10,000 miles Early Civil War Battles Early U.S. Sanitary Commission Aids Northern Soldiers Northern Conscription in the South, 1862, & the Search for Substitutes the Conscription in the North Conscription Draft Riot, NYC 1863 Total Wounded: 400,000 Total Deaths: 600,000 Total Antietam Sept.1862, 22,000 Casualties in One Day 22,000 Lincoln & Cabinet Considering Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Henretta, Al and Emancipation Proc Gettysburg: July 1863 Gettysburg: Pickett’s Charge War from Opposing Confederate Perspectives Perspectives Southern Women’s Diary Entry, Richmond,1863 Richmond,1863 “I am for a tidal wave of peace—and I am not am alone. Meantime we are slowly starving to death. Here, in Richmond, if we can afford to give $11 for a pound of bacon, $10 for a small dish of green corn, and $10 for a watermelon, we can have a dinner of three courses for four persons . . . Somebody somewhere is mightily to blame for all this business, but it isn’t you nor I nor yet the women who . . . were only hungry. . . . It is all so awful.” Federal Legislation During War Federal Homestead Act (1862) Any citizen or Homestead prospective citizen eligible for 160 acres of land in West for small fee & 5 yrs work land Higher tariffs on manfactured goods Morrill Land Grant Act (1862) Public lands Morrill sold to fund agric, tech & military colleges sold Northern route for transcontinental RR ...
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