John MacNeill MillerIdentifying Independent Clauses(see WadsworthAppendix A2.3, pp. 365-67)In order to understand how sentences work, you will need to be able to tell the difference between independent clauses, dependent clauses, and mere phrases. A sentence must consist of at least one independent clause, and the combination of several independent clauses requires special punctuation.1. An independent clause contains a subject(a thing that undertakes an action) and a predicate(the action undertaken, consisting of a verb and anything else affected by the action). What characterizes an independent clause is that it is independent: it provides a complete piece of information that can stand onits own.EX.:The man walked to the store.Subject: The manPredicate: walked to the store.Verb: walkedPrepositional phrase: to the store.2. A dependent clause also contains a subject and a predicate—that is what makes it a “clause”—but it is incomplete: it requires more information to function as a complete unit.
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Independent Clause, Wadsworth, independent clauses, John MacNeill Miller