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samplegrammarpres - John MacNeill Miller Identifying...

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John MacNeill Miller Identifying Independent Clauses (see Wadsworth Appendix A2.3, pp. 365-67) In order to understand how sentences work, you will need to be able to tell the difference between independent clauses, dependent clauses, and mere phrases. A sentence must consist of at least one independent clause, and the combination of several independent clauses requires special punctuation. 1. An independent clause contains a subject (a thing that undertakes an action) and a predicate (the action undertaken, consisting of a verb and anything else affected by the action). What characterizes an independent clause is that it is independent: it provides a complete piece of information that can stand on its own . EX.: The man walked to the store. Subject: The man Predicate: walked to the store. Verb: walked Prepositional phrase: to the store. 2. A dependent clause also contains a subject and a predicate —that is what makes it a “clause”—but it is incomplete: it requires more information to function as a complete unit.
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