Men+and+Masculinities-2009-Weitzer-3-29

Men+and+Masculinities-2009-Weitzer-3-29 - Men and...

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http://jmm.sagepub.com/ Men and Masculinities http://jmm.sagepub.com/content/12/1/3 The online version of this article can be found at: DOI: 10.1177/1097184X08327696 2009 12: 3 originally published online 19 February 2009 Men and Masculinities Ronald Weitzer and Charis E. Kubrin Misogyny in Rap Music : A Content Analysis of Prevalence and Meanings Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at: Men and Masculinities Additional services and information for http://jmm.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://jmm.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://jmm.sagepub.com/content/12/1/3.refs.html Citations: at RUTGERS UNIVERSITY on August 21, 2011 jmm.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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Articles Misogyny in Rap Music A Content Analysis of Prevalence and Meanings Ronald Weitzer Charis E. Kubrin The George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Rap music has a reputation for being misogynistic, but surprisingly little research has systematically investigated this dimension of the music. This study assesses the portrayal of women in a representative sample of 403 rap songs. Content analysis identified five gender-related themes in this body of music—themes that contain messages regarding ‘‘essential’’ male and female characteristics and that espouse a set of conduct norms for men and women. Our analysis situates rap music within the context of larger cultural and music industry norms and the local, neighborhood conditions that inspired this music in the first place. Keywords: rap music; sexuality; gender; mass media; hegemonic masculinity That’s the way the game goes, gotta keep it strictly pimpin’, Gotta have my hustle tight, makin’ change off these women. You know it’s hard out here for a pimp, When he tryin’ to get this money for the rent. ‘‘It’s Hard Out Here For a Pimp’’—Three 6 Mafia T he 2005 Academy Award for best original song in a feature film went to Three 6 Mafia’s controversial ‘‘It’s Hard Out Here For a Pimp’’ from the film Hustle and Flow . The song was performed at the Oscars and immediately provoked a storm of criticism for glorifying the exploitation of women. This is only the most recent chap- ter in the mounting criticism directed at rap music’s presentation of women. A few years earlier, rapper Eminem won a Grammy for his 2001 album, The Marshall Math- ers LP —an album whose lyrics contained extreme hostility and violence toward women. Women’s groups promptly condemned the award. More recently, the African American women’s magazine Essence launched a campaign in 2005 against sexism in Authors’ Note: For their helpful comments on this article, we are grateful to Ivy Ken, Michael Kimmel, Theresa Martinez, and the anonymous reviewers, and for research assistance we thank Ami Lynch. Please address correspondence to Ronald Weitzer, Sociology Department, 409 Phillips Hall, Washington, D.C.
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course GENDER STU 280 taught by Professor Vasquez-cruz during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Men+and+Masculinities-2009-Weitzer-3-29 - Men and...

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