Sport+Gender+and+Aggression-1

Sport+Gender+and+Aggression-1 - Sociology of Sport Journal...

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403 Sociology of Sport Journal, 2001 , 18 , 403 -413 © 2001 Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc. Effects of Gender and Sport Type on Intercollegiate Athletes’ Perceptions of the Legitimacy of Aggressive Behaviors in Sport Lori W. Tucker and Janet B. Parks Bowling Green State University This study examined 162 Division I-A intercollegiate athletes’ perceptions of the legitimacy of aggression in sport. Athletes in collision, contact, and noncontact sports completed the Sport Behavior Inventory (Conroy, Silva, Newcomer, Walker, & Johnson, in press). Overall, the athletes did not consider aggression legitimate. A 3 (sport type) x 2 (gender) ANOVA (alpha = .05) with post hoc comparisons showed that athletes in contact and noncontact sports scored lower than those in collision sports. Females scored lower than males. A significant interaction revealed a greater gender difference in noncontact sports than in collision or contact. In noncontact sports, gender role expectations could be the dominant influence for males, while role expectations and in-sport behavioral norms influence females. In collision and contact sports, in-sport norms could reinforce role expectations for males but encourage females to demonstrate behaviors inconsistent with traditional expectations. Cette étude porte sur les perceptions de 162 athlètes universitaires de Division 1-A à l’égard de la légitimité de l’agression en sport. Des athlètes impliqués dans des sports de collision, de contact et de non-contact ont complété l’Inventaire du Comportement Sportif (Conroy, Silva, Newcomer, Walker et Johnson, sous presse). En général, les athlètes n’ont pas con - sidéré l’agression comme légitime. Une analyse ANOVA 3(type de sport) x 2 (sexe) (alpha = .05) avec des comparaisons post hoc permet de démontrer que les athlètes en sports de contact ou de non-contact ont des scores plus faibles que ceux dans des sports de collision. Les femmes ont également eu des scores moins élevés que les hommes. Une interaction significative a révélé une différence de genre plus grande dans les sports de non-contact que dans les sports de contact ou de collision. Dans les sports de non-contact, les attentes reliées aux rôles sexuels pourraient être l’influence dominante pour les hommes, tandis que les attentes de rôle et les normes de comportement associées au sport pourraient influencer les femmes. Dans les sports de contact ou de collision, les normes de comportement as - sociées au sport pourraient renforcer les attentes de rôle chez les hommes mais encourager les femmes à avoir des comportements contraires aux attentes traditionnelles. Aggression in sport has been defined as behaviors or actions performed with the intent to harm an opponent, either physically or psychologically (Bandura, 1973, 1978; Bredemeier, 1985; Silva, 1983). Aggressive sport behaviors include actions such as illegal hitting, striking an opponent with a piece of equipment, deliberately physically debilitating a competitor, and psychologically tormenting opponents. As
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