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Unformatted text preview: Running Head: Criminal Behavior 1 Criminal Behavior Erinn J Broadus Criminology 330 Running Head: Criminal Behavior 2 The nature versus nurture debate has been ongoing since intellectual develop- ment began to flourish in the area of sociology. The findings and sources attributed to each possibility have the potential to dramatically effect every area of the legal system because once a direct cause has been determined, effective means of deterrence can be enacted. Adrian Raine actively defends that biology is an unchanging and ever apparent key to social control. He references adoption studies to further prove his point. If a child has criminal biological parents but is adopted into a new home and still develops crimin- al tendencies, environmental variables can be ruled out. Evidence supporting this claim has been documented in several countries including the United States. Cardiovascular Under-arousal is also a stepping stone to the nature theory. Ac- cording to Raine, a low resting heart rate is the best-replicated biological marker of an- tisocial and aggressive behavior in childhood and adolescent community samples. (Raine, 2002) There is a wide variety of ways that it can be measured in each subject and crime is the only condition that has been specifically linked to a low resting heart rate. Low arousal then leads to various theories that further explain reasonings behind criminal intent, fearlessness and stimulation-seeking being the most prominent. criminal intent, fearlessness and stimulation-seeking being the most prominent....
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