WKU Mid Term Study Guide without answers_82147-1

WKU Mid Term Study Guide without answers_82147-1 - Name:...

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Unformatted text preview: Name: Class: Date: ID: A Mid Term Study Guide True/False Indicate whether the Statement is true orfalse. 1. 10. ll. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. The man who is credited with establishing London’s first large scaie, civil police department in 1829 was Sir Robert Peel. Early American police were responsible for cleaning streets, caring for the homeless, and operating emergency ambulance services, in addition to their law enforcement duties. Richard Hill is known as the “father of American policing.” The police represent the civil power of government, rather than the military power of government. })rivate policing is growing at a much faster rate than public policing. More people are employed by the private security industry than by public law enforcement agencies. US. law enforcement has developed over the years based on a philosophy of locai control. PoliCe unions are predominantly local organizations that bargain and communicate with the local police department and the mayor or chief’s office. Modern police organizations can be considered bureaucracies. The primary goal or objective of the police should be to arrest ail offenders. The police officer is generally the first decision maker in the US. criminal justice system and is often the most important. A serious crime leaves the police less freedom or ability to ignore it or to exercise discretion regarding it. The American Institute of Stress ranked police work as the top stress—producing job in the United States. Most states administer psychological tests to police applicants to avoid the appointment of officers who may overreact to law enforcement stress. Suicide is a serious probiem in policing. As late as the mid—19705, women were often still allowed to work only with juvenile offenders and in many cities femaie officers could not ride in patrol cars after dark. The police subculture often works against the official ethical precepts of police departments. Name: ID: A 18. Herman Goidstein has defined police corruption as “acts involving the misuse of authority by a police officer in a manner designed to produce personal gain for himself or others.” 19. Police officers who are assigned to internal affairs divisions are highly respected by other police officers in a department. Multiple Choice Identifii the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 20. The word police comes from the Latin word “politia,” which means: a. civil administration c. use of force b. military administration (:1. power of the ruler 21. Who patrolled Roman streets day and night? a. Praefectus Urbi c. Vigiles b. Praetorian Guard (1. Magistrates m 22. The lowest form of social organization or mutual pledge created by King Alfred the Great in England was: a. tithing c. shire b. hundred (:1. thousand 23. The first organized American poiice department (1838) in the North was created in what city? a. Chicago c. Philadelphia b. New York City (1. Boston 24. Many historians and Scholars indicate that in the American South were the precursor to the modern American system of policing. a. Praetorian Guard c. thief-takers b. slave patrols d. Vigiles 25. A form of community self—protection deveioped by King Alfred the Great in the later part of the nineteenth century England was/were the: a. Vigiles c. shire—reeve b. hue and cry d. mutual pledge 26. The Federal Judiciary Act of 1789 created: a. the Bobbies b. the office ofthe US. Marshal c. the FBI d. the New York City Police Department 27. In 1929, President Herbert Hoover created the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement. This commission was known as the: a. Wickersham Commission 0. Crime Commission b. Kefauver Commission (:1. Kemer Commission 28. Who is known as the father of modern American policing? a. O. W. Wilson c. b. August Vollmer (1. Raymond Blaine Fosdick J. Edgar Hoover Name: ID: A 29. The director of the FBI from 1924 to his death in 1972 was: a. Tom Ridge 0. Robert Gray b. J. Edgar Hoover d. O. W. Wilson 30. Which US. Supreme Court case resulted in the police requirement that persons who are in police custody and will be interrogated be advised of their constitutional rights? a. Mapp v. Ohio c. Escobedo v. Illinois b. Miranda v. Arizona d. Brown v. Mississippi 31. The New York City poiice officer whose tales of corruption led. to the Knapp Commission was: a. David Owens c. Frank Serpico b. Whitman Knapp d. Juiius LaRosa 32. What iaw gives law enforcement new ability to search, seize, detain, or eavesdrop in their pursuit of possible terrorists? a. Posse Comitatus Act e. Statute of Winchester b. USA Patriot Act (1. Volstead Act 33. Prior to the iate i960s women in policing were restricted to performing this type of duty: a. juvenile work 0. issuing parking tickets b. guarding female prisoners d. all of the above 34. The latest statistics regarding the number of law enforcement officers in the US. may be obtained from the: a. Treasury Department 0. National Institute of Justice b. Census Bureau d. IRS 35. Law enforcement is primarily the responsibility of: a. state police agencies c. national police agency b. local police agencies d. private security 36. Which of the following states does not have a state law enforcement agency? a. Hawaii c. Montana b. Alaska (1. Arkansas 37. A state law enforcement system that provides for separate agencies for traffic enforcement and other state-level law enforcement functions is generally called the model. a. decentralized c. centralized b. separate (1. total 38. The primary iegal and prosecutorial arm of the US. government is the: a. Civil Rights Division 0. Department of Justice b. Criminal Division d. Nationai Institute of Justice 39. Which of the following is responsible for the protection of the president, vice president, and their families? a. US. Marshals Service 0. Federal Protective Service b. Federal Bureau of Investigation d. Secret Service Name: ID: 40. The Federal Witness Protection Program is administered by the: a. US. Marshals Service b. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives c. Immigration and Naturalization Service (:1. Customs Service 41. Which of the following is not a common duty of a state poiice officer? a. highway patrol c. patrol of small towns b. traffic enforcement d. serve civil process 42. What federal department operates the National Institute of Justice as its research arm? a. Department of Defense c. Justice Department b. Treasury Department (1. Department of Homeland Security 43. The specific crimes measured by the Uniform Crime Report Part I are called: a. Civil crimes 0. Hate crimes b. Index crimes d. Misdemeanor crimes 44. What national database contains information on outstanding warrants and criminal histories? a. Federal Bureau of Investigation c. Central Intelligence Agency b. Treasury Department d. Department of Homeland Security 45. Which of the following is called a special jurisdiction agency? a. Port Authority police c. parks and wildlife police b. college police d. all of the above 46. Who is in charge at a crime scene? a. captain c. sergeant b. lieutenant d. detective/investigator 47. The group of officers supervised by a particular sergeant is called a: a. department c. platooa b. squad (1. precinct 48. An example of an operations unit in a police department would be: a. patrol c. training b. communications d. internai affairs 49. The typical police officer of today is than previous generations of police officers. a. better educated c. similarly educated b. less educated d. none of these 50. The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that by 2050 minority populations will be of the population. a. 25.6% c. 49.9% b. 33.3% d. 64.8% 51. What police department has served as the model for field training programs since the 19703? a. San Jose, California 0. Dallas, Texas b. Reno, Navada d. Chicago, iliinois Name: 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. ID: A What does researcher Hrand Saxenian say is the single most important criterion in the police selection process? a. courage c. attitude b. maturity d. age According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, approximately % of police departments require applicants to take a polygraph. a. 15 c. 50 b. 25 d. 80 What stage of the police selection process receives the most litigation? a. background examination 0. physical agility test b. written entrance exam d. medical exam The purpose of the medical examination is to: a. screen out as many candidates as possible 1). to ensure that candidates can do the police job 0. screen out candidates who may suffer a future knee injury d. screen out candidates who suffer from chronic colds The former height requirements were challenged in court because it was believed that they discriminated against: a. African Americans, Hispanics, and women 1). all minorities (3. women d. women and Hispanics Select the correct answer regarding police age requirements. a. Most departments require beginning officers to be less than 29 years old. ‘0. Most departments require beginning officers to be less than 35 years old. c. Most departments have no maximum age limit. d. Fifty percent of departments have maximum age limits. The federai government program that gave grants for police officers to attend coilege was called: a. GRAD c. DIPLOMA 1). LEE? d. GAIN Select the correct answer regarding residency and the police screening process: a. Most departments require their officers to live within the geographic area the department serves. in. Twenty percent of all iarge departments recruit nationwide. 0. Most large police departments do not recruit nationwide. d. Most large police departments do not have residency requirements. The first police training school was developed by: a. O. W. Wilson b. J. Edgar Hoover 0. August Vollmer d. Patrick V. Murphy Name: ID: A 61. Most federal law enforcement agencies require this education requirement: a. some college 0. associate’s degree b. 60 hours of college d. bacheior’s degree 62. After the conditional offer of employment to a potential police candidate, the final stage of the selection process is: a. polygraph and medical evaluation b. psychological and polygraph evaluation c. physical agility and medical evaluation (:1. psychological and medical evaluation 63. Considered a “learning position” for potential police candidates while they are pursuing their education. a. police dispatcher c. public service attendant b. police cadet d. community service attendant 64. In 1985, the fleeing felon rule was declared unconstitutional by the US. Supreme Court in the landmark case of a. Mapp v. Ohio 0. Tennessee v. Garner b. Lawrence v. Texas d. Terry v. Ohio 65. Which of the following is incorrect? a. The police make more arrests for minor violations than serious crime. b. The police make more arrests for driving while int0xicated (DWI/DUI) than they do for drug offenses. c. The police make more arrests for aggravated or felony assault than they do for misdemeanor assault arrests. d. The violation of liquor laws, drunkenness, disorderly conduct, vagrancy, and loitering are responsible for approximately 2.5 million arrests a year. 66. The vast majority of arrests the police make are for: a. violent crimes c. financial crimes b. property crimes d. quality of life crimes 67. Most of police contacts involve: a. motor vehicle or traffic related issues c. arresting offenders b. dealing with famin violence (1. testifying in court 68. Officer Smith believes her role is to maintain order on her beat by arresting criminals. According to Broderick, she would be considered a/an: a. realist c. enforcer b. optimist d. idealist 69. Officer Brown believes his role is keeping the peace and preserving the social order, yet he is very careful not to violate the constitutional rights of individuals. According to Broderick, he would be considered a/an: a. realist c. enforcer b. optimist d. idealist 70. Which of the following is not one of James O. Wilson’s operating styles? a. watchman c. service b. legalistic d. aggressive Name: ID: A 71. The Largetown Poiice Department issues many summonScs and makes many misdemeanor arrests. According to James Q. Wilson, it would be considered to be a department. a. watchman c. moralistic b. legalistic d. service 72. Which of the following is not one of the major factors Herbert Jacob says causes the police to exercise discretion? a. department policies b. characteristics of the crime c. relationship between the alleged criminai and the victim or the police (1. geographic area of the crime 73. Studies of police discretion have shown that the most significant factor in the decision to arrest is the: a. location of the offense c. seriousness of the offense committed b. officewoffender relationship (:1. offender’s past criminal history 74. Statistics clearly indicate that police officers: a. overuse force 0. overuse threats b. do not overuse force d. display their weapons too often 75. Which of the foilowing is not indicative of the police culture? a. trust c. honor b. ciannishness d. individuality 76. Which is not a trait of the police personaiity? a. authoritarianism c. racism b. suspicion d. liberalism 77. Which of the following is not one of the three important features of an officer’s working environment that can account for the police personality. according to researchers Burbeck and Furnham? a. rotating shifts of duty 0. authority b. danger d. isoiation from the pubiic 78. The majority of recent studies have found that the police “working personality" comes from: a. the officer’s teenage years b. the socialization process in the police academy, field training, and patrol experience c. the officer’s early experiences as a child d. the officer’s adulthood 79. The human body’s reaction to highly stressful situations is known as the: a. flight-or‘~fight response 0. adrenaline response in. stressed—out syndrome d. fight-or-freeze syndrome 80. The stress produced by elements inherent in the quasi-military character of the police service, such as adjusting to changing tours of duty, odd working hours, and working holidays, is classified as: a. externai stress 0. personal stress h. organizational stress d. operational stress Name: ID: A 81. The stress produced by the daily need to confront the tragedies of urban life, such as dealing with derelicts, criminals, the mentally disturbed, and the need to engage in dangerous activity to protect a public that appears to be unappreciative of the police, is classified as: a. external stress c. personal stress b. organizational stress (1. operational stress 82. Which of the following is not one of the factors leading to stress in police work? a. poor training c. exposure to brutality b. role conflict d. early retirement _ 83. At least 42 states offer tests to police applicants in order to prevent the appointment of officers who may overreact to law enforcement stress. a. physical fitness c. psychological b. medical d. coping 84. This was the deadliest decade for American law enforcement, when an average of 228 officers were killed in the line of duty. a. 19503 c. 1970s E). 19603 CI. 19905 85. Which of the following is not one of the possible causes for the acceptance of women in police departments in the iate 19603 and early 19703, according to Samuel Walker? a. the women’s rights movement b. efforts by females officers to be ailowed to perform patrol duty in order to achieve equality with male officers c. pressure applied on behalf of women by the International Association of Chiefs of Police d. a suggestion by the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice 86. In the early 1900s, most black police officers in the Deep South were eliminated because: a. They posed a threat to white supremacy. b. They did not have a high school diploma. 0. They were involved in too many uses of force issues. (:1. They refused to work under white commanders. 87. In 1910, appointed the nation’s first “officially designated" policewoman. a. Dallas c. Los Angeles b. New York d. Chicago 88. Title V11 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was designed to prohibit job discrimination based on all but which of the following? a. race (1. color b. sexual orientation e. gender 0. national origin 89. The academic studies of women on patrol indicate that: Women can perform patrol duties as well as men can. Women perform in a less satisfactory manner than men on patrol. Women perform as well as men on patrol but only when teamed with a male paltner. The majority of women do not want to work patrol. 9-957?” Name: 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 9'7. 98. 99. ID: A What type of discrimination is the indirect result of policies or practices that are not intended to discriminate but do, in fact, discriminate? a. de facto discrimination c. b. adverse impact discrimination d. reverse discrimination circumlocutory discrimination What type of fitness test was developed to reduce adverse impact in the selection process? a. physical ability c. fatemuscle ratio b. physicai agility d. heighteweight ratio Which of the following is an example of the standards governing poiice ethics? a. U.S. Constitution b. Bill of Rights 0. case law as determined by appellate courts and the US. Supreme Court d. all of the above The 1931 National Corrunission on Law Observance and Enforcement was more populariy known as the: a. Kerner Commission 0. Wickersham Commission b. Volmer Commission (3. Kefauver Commission What is the most prevatent type of corruption in law enforcement today? a. “Rotten apple” theory of corruption c. Police deception b. Biased—based policing d. Noble cause corruption According to James Q. Wilson, the type of police department style that most favors police corruption is: a. the legalistic style c. the watchman style b. the service style d. all of the above Some studies indicate that domestic violence may be in police families when compared to the general public. a. more prevalent c. the same b. less prevalent d. none of these “The excessive or unreasonable use of force in dealing with citizens, suspects, and offenders” is the definition of: a. police misconduct c. police mistreatment in. police violence (1. police brutaiity A tort is a: a. felony case 0. public wrong b. misdemeanor case d. private wrong Section 1983 of Title 42 of the US. Code was originaliy enacted by Congress as a means of enforcing the Amendment guarantee of rights to the newly freed slaves. a. Fourth c. Tenth b. Fifth d. Fourteenth Name: £00. Why was the Knapp Commission created? a. It was created after a police use of excessive force incident was caught on tape. is. It was created in response to a series of articles in the New York Times detailing widespread corruption. it was created after a city councilman’s son was illegally detained and searched. d. It was created as a political mandate by the newly elected governor. P 10 ID: ...
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WKU Mid Term Study Guide without answers_82147-1 - Name:...

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