Key Terms - Revolution of 1830s This started in France when...

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Revolution of 1830s This started in France when Charles X sent out publication of the four ordinances that got rid of some fundamental rights. This led to strikes and protests. After days of fighting (July Revolution) Charles gave up and fled to England. The crown was offered to Louis-Phillippe. The chamber of peers were transformed into a nominated house and the alligiance to Roman Catholic church was abolished. The middle class felt they had more power in society. Reform Act of 1832 The reform act was an act of Parliament that introduced changes to the electoral system of England and Wales. The act was made to correct abuses of the Commons House of Parliament. It was proposed by the Whigs and led by Lord Grey. The Act granted seats in the House of Commons to large cities and took away from the smaller cities that were controlled by nobility and gentry. It also increased the number or people entitled to vote, 1 out of 6 males could vote. The Act only applied to England and Wales. More representation was given to people of lower classes, the less wealthy. Proletarianization This was a concept in the 19 th century in Marxism (social change occurs because of the struggle between
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social classes) that refers to the social process of people who choose to be employed as wage labor by an employer. This was a form of downward social mobility, the other side of capital accumulation. The growth of capital means the growth of the working class. The expansion of capitalist markets meant fewer people were becoming wealthy, which also meant many people were dependent on wage labor for income. This meant they had to sell their labor power to an employer for a wage became of their lack of income. This essentially gave up the right to their own work to their employer to make income. Chartism Developed in the 19 th century Europe, Chartism was a movement that aimed to transform Britain into a democracy. It was said to be the first working class labor movement. Political radicals had put together the People’s Charter. The Chartists believed this would only keep people in social slavery and political degradation. Women played a role in Chartism, setting up boycotts and temperance associations. The made a huge campaign in 1838, that included pubic meetings and parades. Although the petition was signed by over a million people, the House of Commons refused the act. This led to working class strikes and revolutionary movements. The Chartists stayed persistent and set up huge demonstrations in
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attempt to force Parliament to grant males to vote. Parliament still refused, in part because they had already responded with the Reform Bil of 1832. Peoples Charter of 1838 United Kingdom, 19 th century. Stipulated on six main aims in movement. 1. A vote for every man 21 years or older 2. Vote by secret ballot to protect the voter. 3. No property qualification for members of Parliament 4. Payment of members, which would enable an honest,
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Carlson during the Fall '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Key Terms - Revolution of 1830s This started in France when...

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