Chapter 15 - C hapter 15- pages 419 434 - expanded use of...

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Chapter 15- pages 419 – 434 - expanded use of mandatory prison sentences and gradual disappearance of parole have increased rates of incarceration - Crime Control and Purposes of Punishment: o goals of punishment for criminals: general deterrence – the punishment of an offender- and the subsequent publicity that comes with it- are assumed to discourage other potential lawbreakers individual deterrence – punishment of offender is presumed to keep that person from committing other crimes in the future; punitive sanctions will teach criminals that there behavior will be controlled by society if they cannot control it themselves incapacitation- if convicted offender is sent to prison, society can feel safe form that felon retribution- moral cornerstone of punishment is that it should be administered to people who disserve it as a consequence of their actions moral outrage – punishment can give society a means of catharsis and relief from feelings of frustration hurt, loss, and anger that result from being victims of crime; promotes a sense of satisfaction that offenders have paid for what they have done to others rehabilitation- hope is that offenders will recognize their mistakes and learn new skills, values, and lifestyles. Not as effective as people think restitution- wrongdoers should compensate victims for damages and losses o most of these goals are utilitarian: intended to accomplish a useful outcome (restitution, rehabilitation, incapacitation, deterrence) o others are retributive what the criminal deserves (moral outrage, retribution) o differences between utilitarian and retributive: questions why we punish people/motives o policy capturing : research technique used by Carlsmith, Darely, and Robinson (2002) to asses punishment motives of ordinary people contrasted “just desserts” (getting what someone deserves/retribution; atonement for the harm committed) and deterrence (focusing on preventing future harms) results: high sensitivity to factors associated with “just desserts” and insensitivity to factors associated with
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deterrence. This means that people care more about what an offender deserves o rehabilitation has lost much of its popular appeal. As this goal of rehabilitation has fallen into disrepute, criminal sentences have become longer, and prison conditions have grown harsher o “No Frills Prison Act” (1995) requires states to receive federal money o eliminate
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Chapter 15 - C hapter 15- pages 419 434 - expanded use of...

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