WF4 - Psych- WF 4 - - - criminal profiling : use of...

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Psych- WF 4 - criminal profiling : use of psychological principles as a crime investigation technique to guide police toward suspects who have certain personal characteristics as revealed by the way a crime was committed o forensic psychology would not include it because: only people eligible for training are law enforcement officers, not psychologists; those who do profiling do not graduate with work in psychology; more of an art than a science o because so brad, most likely not to be admitted in court because it fails to meet the Daubert standard of merit as judged by the scientific community o can include personality and motivators, characteristics ways of committing crimes and treating victims, physical characteristics, demographic data o some psychologist refer to it is sociopsychological profile because of information used in profiling o problems: must be applied to individual, not to group; must overcome false stereotypes held by many people about certain types of criminals o an educated attempt to provide specific information about a certain type of suspect and as a biological sketch of behavioral patterns and trends o nature of crime might give clues to personality of and experience of perpetrator o crimes such as check forgery, bank robbery, and kidnapping are not good candidates for profiling o can be thought of as a collection of leads o problems: descriptions of criminal profiling can sometimes report too much homogeneity; temptation exists to assume that if a person possess several characteristics of a criminal profile, he or she must be guilty; police can be mislead if they rely to heavily on profilng - bank robberies- in contrast to other crimes, police solve 4 out of bank robberies ( bank robbers continue to repeat crimes) - embezzlement - most frequent motivation expressed were marital or family problems; many people assume they are old men, but in reality, typical embezzler was a 26 year old married white woman - D.C. sniper case o “stereotypes at work” 2002, D.C> area had series of sniper shootings o police arrested John Muhammad (41) and John Malve (17) (NOT THEM) o lots of descriptions of perpetrators, many contradicting o no one predicted that the snipers would be black; 55% of snipers are white - approaches to criminal profiling: distinguishing the “evil person,” determining common characteristics, extracting specific characteristics o “evil person”: understanding behavior and motivations of person. Consistencies in ther personalities, backgrounds, and behaviors of individuals and similar crimes Hitler: nature of childhood relationship with parents seen as influential on his future behaviors. Close to his mother but when he was young she died a painful death from cancer. Concluded that Hitler could not develop an intimate personal relationship that survived adversity because he judged people to be untrustworthy. At the same time, he saw himself as infallible and omnipotent. Through his leadership, he could someone prove his
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 2650 taught by Professor Dunning, d during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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WF4 - Psych- WF 4 - - - criminal profiling : use of...

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