Unit Five IDS - 1 StephaniePham UNIT5IDS 1.ForeignPolicy...

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1 Stephanie Pham IB History of the Americas 3/28/09 UNIT 5 IDS 1. Foreign Policy- What: idea/practice Where: United States When: early 20 th  century Significance: It deals with international relations and how a country will interact with other countries  politically, economically, socially, and militarily. After the Gilded Age, the US promoted a foreign policy that  reached far beyond its borders. It became involved in Latin America and the Pacific because the Turner  thesis stated that the frontier was closed. Thus, people began to look outside of the continent to find  resources that would be beneficial. 2. Expansionism- What: philosophy/practice Where: outside of the United States; Latin America and the Pacific When: late 19 th - early 20 th  century Significance: It is the practice of expanding a country’s borders and exerting control over additional  territories. The term is used interchangeably with “imperialism,” and is usually associated with military  aggression. The US adopted expansionist practices as its foreign policy in dealing with countries that  weren’t considered “modernized” or “civilized” yet. The term is more accepted than imperialism because  imperialism implies a hostile element. 3. Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan Who: naval captain Where: United States  When: late 19 th  century, early 20 th  century Significance: He wrote  The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1660-1783 , which advocated a strong  navy as a tool for modern economic development. It showed the mindset of the US during the time, which  was promoting the practice of imperialism, as well as the idea that it was the US’ destiny to spread  western civilization through expansion.  4. Annexation of Hawaii What: Adding the territory of Hawaii to the United States’ empire Where: Pacific  When: 1898 Significance: It was gained by overthrowing the presiding monarchy. White planters revolted against the  queen and installed their own government. At first, the US public rejects annexation because of the hostile  nature of takeover. It was later added, but this event shows the split between pro-expansionists and anti-
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2 expansionists. 5. Purchase of Alaska What: Adding Alaska territory to US by purchasing from Russia Where: Alaska When: 1867 Significance: Known as “Seward’s Folly” or “Seward’s Icebox”, it was one of the first events associated  with US expansionism.  It was not accepted by the public at first because the land did not seem to have  any resources. Once oil and other valuable benefits were discovered, it led people to want to expand 
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Gainesville State.

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Unit Five IDS - 1 StephaniePham UNIT5IDS 1.ForeignPolicy...

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