PSCI exam 2 notes

PSCI exam 2 notes - Rwanda 15/02/2011 09:00:00 What is...

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Unformatted text preview: Rwanda 15/02/2011 09:00:00 What is ethnicity, what is an ethnic group? Common culture, religion, language Territorial concentration Can we have an objective definition of ethnicity? Under what conditions does diversity generate conflict? Inequality (relative deprivation) Historical narratives Temporal changes in salience (how strongly do you identify with a group) Fixed for each person? Mutual identification also need outsiders to recognize group Polarization vs. fractionalization o When 2 groups fighting for their share polarization o When there are many ethnic groups fighting fractionalization - the least diverse African state is Somalia which if we looked at factors generating ethnic conflict, should be the most stable is not stable ** because we dont know exactly what is going on with ethnicity we can think of it as a spectrum with primodialism on one side (fixed identities, ancient narratives, groups come about naturally, more structural argument, bottom-up) and instrumentalism on the other side (agent, fluid identity, constructed narratives, ethnic entrepreneur, top- down) where does Gourevitch fall on this? Rwanda Germans give the elite Tutsi class certain rights to allow them to rule over Hutus After independence, flare ups of identity still existed, some of the catalysts that made this worse in the 90s was that the Hutu presidents plane goes down, Hutu extremists on the rise, price of coffee plummets and leads to the economic crisis France was biggest donor Before 1994, many Tutsis leave to Uganda, the president eliminates contact between the Tutsis living in Rwanda and those living in Uganda RPF is formed In 1994, presidents plane shot down and Hutu rebellions started taking off via radio, turns out it was Hutu extremists that shot down the plane not Tutsis The current president of Rwanda is was the leader of the RPF Think about primordialism and instrumentalism 1969 prices of Rwandas chief exports (coffee & tea) crashed on world market o only profits left to be had were scamming foreign aid projects 1989- fall of the berin wall =, cold war powers the west- started to call for democratization 15/02/2011 09:00:00 Current events: Libya o Libya population of 6.4 million, compared to neighbor Egypt with 80 million o Only news getting out is through peoples cell phones o Leader of Libya is more so a neopatrimonial leader than Mubarak (Egypt) o Many people killed in protests in Libya...
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PSCI exam 2 notes - Rwanda 15/02/2011 09:00:00 What is...

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