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PSCI 3082 for exam1

PSCI 3082 for exam1 - CurtisBell 09:39:00 1) 2) 3) Geography

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An Introduction to African Politics  Curtis Bell  11/01/2011 09:39:00 1) What are we going to do this semester 2) What was Africa’s physical and human geography before colonial period  3) Why were African countries underdeveloped in comparison  Geography  Determines the goods explorers sought and the characteristics of the people  they encountered  Forms natural barriers that separate cultures, languages, and religions  Influenced where borders were drawn- or where they  should  have been  drawn  Explain the diverse colonial and post-colonial experiences of African states  The Mediterranean Coast  Fertile coastal plain stretching from Morocco to Egypt  Integrated into European history for thousands of years  Modern States: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt  This area is also called the Mahgreb  The Sahara  Spans around 12 countries and 3.5 million square miles  Sparsely populated, but crossed by trade routes and a few oases  Populated by Arabs, Berbers, ect… The Sahel  Strip of grasslands on the southern edge of the Sahara 
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Rapidly disappearing due to desertification  Represents geographic, religious, and ethnic divisions  One of the more conflict-prone areas  o The great expanses of the desert could ve traversed by traders, but not  by armies or long migrations  o South of the Sahel, mosquitoes (malaria) and tsetse flies (sleeping  sickness) killed Arabs, horses, and camels  o Islam was adopted by nomads and small desert groups, but was  resisted in densely-populated forest governments  Sub-Saharan Africa  There were many names for Africa south of the Sahara, but they all meant  “land of the blacks”  o In Greek: Ethiopia  West Africa and the Guinea Coast  o This forested area populated by black African groups is one of the  most diverse of all of Africa  o The groups living inland near the Sahel, including the Hausa, were the  strongest  Land of the Bantu  o Most of SSA is populated by Bantu-speakers  o Bantu dominance is the result of the “Bantu-migration”  o The Bantu M from modern Cameroon drove other groups out of the  most habitable areas of sub-Saharan Africa  o “Hottentots”, “Khoi-san”, and ”Bushmen” were driven into dry  southwest corner  The Swahili-Arab East  o Arabs established trading posts and towns along Africa’s east coast  long before Europeans began the slave trade on the west coast  o Influence stretched as far south as Zanzibar (Tanzania) and modern  Mozambique  o Traders dealt with the Swahili speakers on the coast but rarely  penetrated the land of Bantu 
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