PSCI 3082 for exam1

PSCI 3082 for exam1 - An Introduction to African Politics...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: An Introduction to African Politics Curtis Bell 11/01/2011 09:39:00 ← 1) What are we going to do this semester ← 2) What was Africa’s physical and human geography before colonial period ← 3) Why were African countries underdeveloped in comparison ← ← Geography • Determines the goods explorers sought and the characteristics of the people they encountered • Forms natural barriers that separate cultures, languages, and religions • Influenced where borders were drawn- or where they should have been drawn • Explain the diverse colonial and post-colonial experiences of African states ← The Mediterranean Coast • Fertile coastal plain stretching from Morocco to Egypt • Integrated into European history for thousands of years • Modern States: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt • This area is also called the Mahgreb ← The Sahara • Spans around 12 countries and 3.5 million square miles • Sparsely populated, but crossed by trade routes and a few oases • Populated by Arabs, Berbers, ect… ← The Sahel • Strip of grasslands on the southern edge of the Sahara • Rapidly disappearing due to desertification • Represents geographic, religious, and ethnic divisions • One of the more conflict-prone areas o The great expanses of the desert could ve traversed by traders, but not by armies or long migrations o South of the Sahel, mosquitoes (malaria) and tsetse flies (sleeping sickness) killed Arabs, horses, and camels o Islam was adopted by nomads and small desert groups, but was resisted in densely-populated forest governments ← Sub-Saharan Africa • There were many names for Africa south of the Sahara, but they all meant “land of the blacks” o In Greek: Ethiopia • West Africa and the Guinea Coast o This forested area populated by black African groups is one of the most diverse of all of Africa o The groups living inland near the Sahel, including the Hausa, were the strongest • Land of the Bantu o Most of SSA is populated by Bantu-speakers o Bantu dominance is the result of the “Bantu-migration” o The Bantu M from modern Cameroon drove other groups out of the most habitable areas of sub-Saharan Africa o “Hottentots”, “Khoi-san”, and ”Bushmen” were driven into dry southwest corner • The Swahili-Arab East o Arabs established trading posts and towns along Africa’s east coast long before Europeans began the slave trade on the west coast o Influence stretched as far south as Zanzibar (Tanzania) and modern Mozambique o Traders dealt with the Swahili speakers on the coast but rarely penetrated the land of Bantu ←...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course PSCI 3082 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Colorado.

Page1 / 35

PSCI 3082 for exam1 - An Introduction to African Politics...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online