PSCI Supplement for final

PSCI Supplement for final - NATURALRESOURCES DutchDisease

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NATURAL RESOURCES  Dutch Disease        Exports  inflated exchange rate  exports get more expensive  hurt  other                                                    imports cheap   parts of the economy  unemployment  mass migration to cities  slums, expensive cities  The affliction hits when a country becomes a significant producer and  exporter of natural resources. Rising resource exports push up the  value of the country’s currency, which makes its other exports, such as  manufactured and agricultural goods, less competitive abroad. Export  figures for those products then decline, depriving the country of the  benefits of dynamic manufacturing and agricultural bases and leaving it  dependent on its resource sector and so at the mercy of often volatile  international markets. – Ross ( Blood Barrels Mobile  Immobile Access Foreign aid is mobile  Alluvial Diamonds (Sierra  Leone) No Access  Oil, Offshore Refineries Point  (specific location)  Diffuse Proximate to state  power Coups or state control  (small states – Kuwait,  Equatorial Guinea)  Civil war, rebellion (Ivory  Coast)  Distant (Frontier)  Secession (e.g.  Chechnya, South Sudan,  Angola) Warlordism (e.g.  Colombia-huge fields of  coca out in the jungle,  Afghanistan)  
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AIDS The Hidden Cause of AIDS by Helen Epstein Large numbers of migrant workers (Witwatersrand gold mines)  contribute to the spread of HIV  o Mines now provide condoms though whether or not they are  used is questionable US agency for International Development say that you have to target  high-transmission groups in your approach to prevent HIV in the  community in general  Many miners die and their families in Mozambique have a difficult time  making ends meet, this leads to the children dropping out of school,  one women said her daughters would likely fall into prostitution  “these people are so poor…that sex has become part of their  economy” AID Managing European Aid Resources in Mali – Glenn Brigaldino Argues that the emphasis on better management of resources in  recipient countries needs to be completed by an analysis of how well  the best practice lessons from donor’s aid policies are adhered to
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course PSCI 3082 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Colorado.

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PSCI Supplement for final - NATURALRESOURCES DutchDisease

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