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Lecture 8_students - Electoral system(2 Click to edit...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Electoral system (2) PS361 / September 13
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Outline n Electoral system: Why (and how) does it matter?
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Effects of electoral system n What we know about the effects of electoral system ( ) : Multi-party system (Duverger’s law) : Freer trade policies : Higher government expenditure and budget deficit : More redistribution (and less inequality) : Higher voter turnout : Greater cabinet instability : Higher price level
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Effects of electoral system n Duverger’s law : ( ) is associated with multipartism and ( ) with two- party system : Why? 1) Mechanical effect: Winner-take-all system favors big parties 2) Psychological effect: Sincere vs strategic voting
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Effects of electoral system n Duverger’s law
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Effects of electoral system n Duverger’s law: Nationally or Locally? Party Seat Percentage Bahujan Samaj Party 19 5.5 Bharatiya Janata Party 138 39.9 Communist Party of India 44 12.7 Indian National Congress 145 41.9
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Effects of electoral system n Electoral system and voter turnout : Voter turnouts are higher in the ( ) system - No ‘dead’ vote - ( ) T More parties ° More options
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Effects of electoral system n Electoral system and voter turnout
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