WKU-%20On%20Line%20Intro%20to%20LEN%20study%20guide%20for%20the%20final_44442

WKU-%20On%20Line%20Intro%20to%20LEN%20study%20guide%20for%20the%20final_44442

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Unformatted text preview: Name: Ciass: Date: ID: A Study Guide for Intro On Line Muitipie Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is not one of the three traditional ways we do police work in the United States? a. retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives bi routine random patrol c. proactive investigations d. rapid response to calls by citizens to 911 2. It has commonly been believed in poiice administration that random routine patroi creates a sense of: a. semipresence c. nonpresence b. omnipresence d. none of the above ___ 3. The Kansas City Study occurred in the a. 19603 c. 19805 b. 19703 (1. 19505 _ 4. In the proactive group in the Kansas City Study. the police presence was: a. doubled or tripled c. removed 1). eliminated d. increased 10 times 5. The Kansas City Study led to: a. significant increases in police manning levels b. significant decreases in police manning icvels c. more experimentation in different methods of policing d. the determination that police experiments seldom yield useful results 6. Which of the following is not one of the basic components of response time? a. time between the crime and the call to the police b. time required for the police to process the cali e. travel time from receipt of the call by the patroi car to arrival at the scene d. time it takes for the perpetrator to flee the scene _ 7. A system allows non~emergency calls to be redirected or referred to other referral agencies or government agencies. a. 311 c. 511 b. 411 d. 611 W 8. m__is the most expensive part of a police department’s budget. a. the! cost 0. personnel b. equipment d, liability insurance m 9. Which of the following is not a classification of the typical police pursuit as studied by the California Highway Patrol? 3.. it occurs during the day. b. It starts as a traffic violation. 0. It ends without an accident 70 percent of the time. d. It covers only a mile or so. 10, The word “patrol” derives from the: a. French word patrouitler c. Greek word patroltx b, Latin word patrolia d. oid English word “patrol” Name: 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. ID: A In 2003, nearly all police departments had pursuit policies. What percent of local police agencies had restrictive pursuit policies? 8.. 10% c. 35% b. 15% d. 60% It has now been discovered that most of what 0. W. Wilson taught about police patrol was: a. extremely accurate despite his failure to do empirical studies b. wrong, since he based his analyses on faulty statistics c. wrong, since he based his writings on faulty assumptions d. accurate, since he based his studies on empirical data The Police Services Study, which involved the observation of nearly 6,000 encounters between citizens and the police, found that only 38 percent of the encounters involved: a. crime—related problems c. service-related problems b, disorder problems (1. traffic—related problems In an experiment, the group that is not acted upon, and where nothing is changed, is called: a. the control group c. the change agent b. the experimental group d. the free group During what decade did the foot patrol return to policing? a. 19605 c. 19805 b. 1970s CI. 19905 A thorough study conducted in Newark regarding foot patrols concluded: a. Adding foot patrol increased crime. b. Adding foot patrol decreased crime. c. Adding foot patrol had no effect on crime. d. Adding foot patrol only in the business district decreased crime. The Houston Police Department, faced with a spiraling crime rate, implemented a form of split-force patrol called: a high-intensity patrol e. high effective patrol b. low—intensity patrol d. low effective patrol The Rand Study was called a. 3’ he Criminal Investigation Process 0. Pct/trolling the Streets b. Today ’3 Criminal Investigators d. Crime in America According to the model, the investigation of almost all felonies and some misdemeanors was the sole responsibility of the detective division. a. decoy investigation 0. proactive investigation b. blending investigation d, retroactive investigation The Rand report said that of all detectives could be replaced without negatively influencing crime clearance rates. a. 10% c. 50% b. 20% d. 90% The single most important determinant of whether or not a case will be solved is the information the victim supplies to the a. detective c. dispatcher b. immediately responding patrol officer d. supervisor Name: ID: A 22. Detectives in a decentralized squad are considered a. specialists e, in field training 1). generalists d. felony—only detectives 23. The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals recommended that detectives should only be assigned to preliminary investigations of: a. felonies b. crimes of violence e. very serious crimes and crimes requiring complex preliminary investigations d. all of the above 24. The Managing Criminal investigations program involves all of the following except: a. case screening c. case enhancement 1). solvability factors (1. alternative patrol techniques The Managing Criminal Identification program is designed to put most of an investigator's time and effort into: a. all felonies that have a chance to be solved b. very important cases only and cases that can actually be solved c. only cases in which the compiainant agrees to cooperate d. none of the above 26. Nationally, police are only able to clear N Uh of all violent crimes reported to them. a. 165% cc 65.8% b. 46.3% d. 87.1% ______ 27. Programs concentrating investigative resources on career criminals are called: a. targeting programs e. repeat offender programs b. proactive programs d. anti—career criminal programs 28. In a case enhancement program: a. A detective debricfs a suspect to obtain further information. b. Detectives assist the arresting officer in preparing a case for court. c. A detective engages in liaison with the district attorney. d. All of the above. 29. The vast majority of all arrests are made: a. at the scene of the crime 0. within 2 weeks b. within 48 hours (1. within 1 month 30. Marvin Wolfgang discovered that most predatory street crime in the United States is committed by: a. only a few eriminais b. convicted felons c. sex offenders d. individuals under the influence of drugs 31. Dressing as and playing the mic of a potential crime victim is known as: a. decoy operations c. convoy operations b. envoy operations d. targeting 32. Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following except: a. robbers b purse snatchers 0. persons committing larcenies from autos d murderers Name: 34. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. ID: A The program STAR (Safeguarding Tourists Against Robbery) occurred in: a. Miami c, San Diego b. Houston d. Indianapolis Enforcement efforts directed at known repeat offenders through surveillance or case enhancement are called: a. recidivism reduction programs b. repeat offender progreuns c. nonprofit offender rehabilitation programs 01. not-for—profit offender rehabilitation programs Investigative units that reexamine old cases that have remained unsolved are called: a, special acquired technique squad (SATS) 1). hot case squad c. cold case squad (1 geriatric unit are effective in cases in which the police receive a tip that a crime is going to occur in a commercial establishment or in which the police discover or come upon a pattern a. stings c. decoys b. stakoouts d. inventories ‘ A legal defense that holds that police originated the criminal idea or initiated the criminal action is called: a. civil code c. police solicitation b, entrapment d. entanglement Entrapment is a: a, perfect defense 6. equitable defense I). good faith defense d. affirmative defense Plain-clothes officers" efforts to blend into an area and attempt to catch a criminal are called: a. coercing c. shadowing b. blending d. marking Offenders tracked by GPS were less likely to reoffend than those not monitored. a. 26% c. 70% b. 49% d. 90% In the yearly survey of the American public conducted by the National Institute of Justice regarding the public’s opinion of the job their police do regarding crime, the majority answered that their police: a. do a poor job e. do a good job b. did an average job d. do an excclient job According to researcher James Q. Wilson, most police oflicers feel that the public: a. does not like or appreciate police officers b. appreciates police officers 0. respects but does not like police officers d. has no opinion regarding police officers Most of the tension between police officers and members of minority groups has focused on police relationships with: a. Hispanics 0, African Americans 13. Asians di women Name: ID: A 44‘ According to the author, one of the best ways to improve relationships between the police and minority groups is to: at enforce the law differentially against minority group members b. appoint a minority member as police chief e. ensure that minority groups are adequately represented in a jurisdiction’s police department d. hold minority group members to a less strict standard of legal behavior What landmark 1954 Supreme Court case ended legal segregation of the races? a. Mapp v. Ohio b. Brown v. Mississippi c, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka d. Board of Education v. Eisenhower 46, African Americans represent approximately .12. lJI of the US. population. a. 10.1% c. 14.1% b. 12.8% d. 22.7% w 47‘ What is the largest minority group in the United States? a. Native Americans 0. African Americans b, German Americans d. Hispanics _ 48. TRIAD is a joint partnership between the police and: a. senior citizens 0. Asian Americans b. gays (:1, African Americans __ 49. DARE is a program aimed at: a, senior citizens c. Americans with physical disabilities b. children d all Americans _ 50. Which of the following people who normally live on the public streets can be described as street people? a, the homeless c. the mentally ill b, alcoholics d. all of these m 5 1. The US. Supreme Court case Zinermon v. Burch deait with: a. the elderly e. mentaliy ill b. juveniles d. female incarceration m 52. Another name for Neighborhood Watch Programs is: a. Crime Watch c. Community Alert b. Block Watch d. all of the above 53. Crime Stoppers originated in: a. Albuquerque, New Mexico c. Miami, Florida bi Boise, Idaho d. Seattle, Washington __ 54. The Guardian Angels were formed by: a. Curtis Sliwa c. Rick Patterson b. Richard Hill d. Logan Stout 55. The program in which the police engrave identifying numbers onto property such as bicycles, televisions, and stereos is called; a. Operation Engravement c. Operation Crime Stop b. Operation Home Security d. Operation Identification LII Name: 57. 60. 61. 62. 64. 65. 66. 67. ID: A McGruf‘f, the crime dog, and the “Take a Bite Out of Crime" program is an example of: a. a police ride-along program b. a police mass media campaign 0. a police storefront or mini—station program (1. a citizen volunteer program Home security surveys and business security surveys are examples of: a. victim assistance programs c. operation identification programs b. crime suppression programs d. target hardening programs With regards to reported confidence in police (2007 study), which age group has the most confidence in the police? a. 18—29 c. 50 and older b. 3049 d. All had the same level of confidence In an effort to reduce operational costs and be environmentally friendly, the mm has gone to hybrid vehicles for investigators. a. Seattle Police Department c. Dallas Police Department b. Topeka Police Department d. Oklahoma City Police Department Which of the following was not one of the corporate strategies of policing described by the Executive Sessions on Policing? a. team policing 0. community policing b. strategic policing d. problem—solving policing Which of the following is not one of the human behaviors found by Wesley Skogan to be extremely disruptive to the connnunity? a. public drinking 0. commercial sex b. youths firing gunshots into the air d. street harassment Problem-solving policing can be attributed to: a. James Q. Wilson c. George Kelling b. Lee P. Brown d. Herman Goldstcin According to Herman Goidstein, traditional policing is: a. incident driven c. patrol driven b. 91 l driven d. service driven The acronym SARA refers to: a. strategic policing c. problem-solving policing b. community policing do incident-driven policing Which of the following is not one of the parts of the probiem-oriented police strategy? a. scanning 0. response b. analysis d. review The Office of Community Policing Services (COPS) is part of the 21. NH c, president‘s cabinet b. F Bi cl, Chicago Police Department The Regional Community Policing Institutes (RCPIs) are part of the program. a. TOPS c. TASP b. COPS d. COGS Name: 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 74. 76. 77. 78. ID: A Which of the following associations is not part of the Community Policing Consortium? a. Police Executive Research Forum b. International Association of Chiefs of Police 0. Fraternal Order of Police d. all of the above By 1999, what percent of the United States population was served by community policing? a. 25% c. 58% b. 42% d. 86% What is the philosophy of empowering citizens and developing a partnership between the police and the community to work together to solve problems? a. community policing c. political—based policing 1). zero tolerance policing (1. neighborhood policing The real responsibility for proper police community relations rests with a. the police chief c. every police officer b. the city manager d. the community relations officer What was the role of the New York City Police Department's Community Patrol Officer Program? at to serve high risk warrants 1). community surveillance c. to rid the neighborhoods of street gangs d identification of neighborhood problems and to develop short— and long—term strategies for solving them In “Broken Windows " and Police Discretion. Wilson and Kelling note that the community policing model the use of police discretion among officers at all levels of the organization. a. reduces and Iimits c. expands and encourages b. contracts and discourages (1. Both a and b are correct. The first police department with a computer system (in 1964) was: a. New York City C. Los Angeles 1). San Francisco 61. St. Louis The 911 emergency telephone number system was introduced by AT&T in: a. 1968 c. 1985 b. 1945 d. 1986 A device put into a police vehicle that allows the electronic transmission of messages between the police dispatcher and the ofi‘icer in the field is the: a. mobile digital terminal c. 1P tech terminal b. enhanced 911 terminal (1. voice over IP ROVERS are used by LAPD officers for: a. all communications b, high priority communications and to back up the MDT communications c, covert communications only (1. electronic written communications The NCIC is operated by the: a. Secret Service b US. Marshals Service e. Federal Bureau of Investigation d Nationai Criminal Justice Reference Service Name: ID: A 79. The Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (ViCAP) database contains information on: a. all persons arrested for violent crime or all victims of violent crime b. all persons wanted for violent crime d. all unsolved homicides 80. Marks made by fingers touching a surface after the ridges have been in contact with a colored material such as blood, paint, grease or ink are called: a. visible prints or plastic prints b, latent prints d. acoustic prints 81. The computer database used by the Los Angeles Police Department is called: a. CATCH (Computer-Assisted Terminal Criminal Hunt) 1). HITMAN c. HOLMES d. SHERLOCK c. 4N6XPRT 82. Modus operandi indicates: a, how often a person commits a crime 1), a person’s method of committing crime c. means by which one can avoid being a crime victim d. the way a weapon works 83. AFIS first became operational in the: a. 19905 c. 19705 b. 19805 d. 19605 84. Which of the following is not a non~lethal weapon being used by the police today? a. chemical sprays c. the Taser b, irritant sprays d‘ the laser 85‘ in a Los Angeles study, which of the following applications of non—lethal force resulted in the least amount of injuries to subjects and officers? at police baton and neck hold b, miscellaneous body force and the Taser c. chemical spray and the Taser d. chemical spray and miscellaneous body force 86. Thermal imaging is a form of: a. radio communication c. infrared technology b. olcoresin capsicum d. computer database 87. What can be used in the examination of questionable signatures? a. ballistics b. serology c. criminalistics d. chemistry e. document analysis 88. What is used in the examination of marijuana, cocaine, and heroin? a. ballistics b. serology c, criminalistics d. chemistry or document analysis Name: 89. What is used in the examination of hairs, fibers, and paints? a ballistics b. serology c. criminalistics (:1, chemistry (3. document analysis 90. The examination of skeletal remains is called: a. forensic toxicology c. forensic physical anthropology b, forensic pathology d, forensic odontology ID: ...
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