chapter11 - Chapter11 Family ChapterOutline Marriage...

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Chapter 11  Family
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Chapter Outline Marriage and Family Defined Cross-Cultural Analysis of Family               and  Marriage Theoretical Perspectives and the Family Family and Marriage in the United States Lifestyle Variations Looking Forward
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Marriage and Family Defined Marriage  - a legal union based on mutual rights  and obligations. Family  - a group of people related by marriage,  blood, or adoption. In the U.S., marriage traditionally involves a  legal relationship between a man and a woman.  However, there are many types of marriages  and families.
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Family of Orientation Consists of the family a person is born  into, or the family of birth. Provides children with a name, an  identity, and a heritage.  Gives the child an ascribed status in the  community.  “Orients” children to their neighborhood,  community,                and society. 
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Family of Procreation Established upon marriage. Marriage ceremony signifies that it is legal  for a couple to give their children a family  name.  The  family of procreation  becomes the  family of orientation  for the children  created from that marriage.
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Variation in Family Structure Nuclear family  – the smallest group of individuals  that can legitimately be called a family. Generally  composed of a mother, family, and children.  Extended family  – consists of two or more adult  generations of the same family whose members  share economic resources and live in a common  household. May contain grandparents, children,  grandchildren, aunts, uncles, etc. 
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Economy and Family Structure
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Economy and Family Structure The nature of family structure varies with the  type of economy. Agricultural societies promote the extended  family because of the need         for labor. The nuclear family is more compatible with  hunting and gathering societies and modern  societies because extended families are no  longer needed.
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Dimensions of Family Structure Patrilineal  – descent and inheritance are passed from  the father to his male descendents. Matrilineal  – descent and inheritance are passed on  from the mother to her female descendents. Patriarchal control  – oldest man living in household  has authority over the rest of the family members. Matriarchal control  – oldest woman living in the  household holds the authority.
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