{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

chapter15 - Chapter15 HealthCareand Aging HealthCareasa...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 15 Health Care          and  Aging
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Health Care as                    a  Social Institution The U.S. is the only highly         developed  nation that does not provide        a federally  centralized, free health insurance program. Americans spent almost $2 trillion on health  care in 2005, up from $75 billion  in 1970.  Since 1980, total health expenditures increased  over 400%. 
Background image of page 2
Health Care as                     a  Social Institution Health-care expenditures account for  about 16% of the GDP; the comparable  figure in 1970 was about 7%.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rising Health-Care Expenditures in  the U.S.
Background image of page 4
U.S. Health-Care Expenditures
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Components of the         Health- Care System Physicians  – constitute about 10%  of health-care  workers in the U.S. Their responsibilities are  matched by high levels of social prestige and  monetary rewards. Nurses  – became a recognized profession  in the  late 19 th  century. Nursing has experienced frequent  controversy           regarding education,  professional roles,          and compensation.
Background image of page 6
Components of the         Health- Care System Hospitals  – provide specialized medical services to  a variety of inpatients and outpatients. Range from  small facilities to large medical centers with long- term care. Patients  – individuals defined by others as ill or  injured. People take on the  sick role .
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Functionalism Talcott Parsons first proposed a view of sickness  that was distinctively sociological. Health problems are a threat to society. If people are sick and cannot fulfill their roles,  society will not function smoothly. Society responds in two ways:  Society defines sham sickness as a form of  deviant behavior. Society institutionalizes legitimate patterns of  behavior for a sick role.
Background image of page 8
The Sick Role –  appropriate behavior  patterns for people who are ill 1. The sick are permitted to withdraw temporarily  from other roles or at least reduce their  involvement in them.  2. It is assumed that the sick cannot simply will the  sickness away.  1. The sick are expected to define their condition as  undesirable.  2. The sick are expected to seek and to follow the  advice of competent health-care providers.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Conflict Theory Challenges many health care practices. Success of the medical profession is        due to  the power it possesses because       of its  alliances with the dominant capitalist class.
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}