chapter15 - Chapter 15 Health Care and Aging Health Care as...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 15 Health Care and Aging Health Care as a Social Institution The U.S. is the only highly developed nation that does not provide a federally centralized, free health insurance program. Americans spent almost $2 trillion on health care in 2005, up from $75 billion in 1970. Since 1980, total health expenditures increased over 400%. Health Care as a Social Institution Health-care expenditures account for about 16% of the GDP; the comparable figure in 1970 was about 7%. Rising Health-Care Expenditures in the U.S. U.S. Health-Care Expenditures Components of the Health- Care System Physicians constitute about 10% of health-care workers in the U.S. Their responsibilities are matched by high levels of social prestige and monetary rewards. Nurses became a recognized profession in the late 19 th century. Nursing has experienced frequent controversy regarding education, professional roles, and compensation. Components of the Health- Care System Hospitals provide specialized medical services to a variety of inpatients and outpatients. Range from small facilities to large medical centers with long- term care. Patients individuals defined by others as ill or injured. People take on the sick role . Functionalism Talcott Parsons first proposed a view of sickness that was distinctively sociological. Health problems are a threat to society. If people are sick and cannot fulfill their roles, society will not function smoothly. Society responds in two ways: Society defines sham sickness as a form of deviant behavior. Society institutionalizes legitimate patterns of behavior for a sick role. The Sick Role appropriate behavior patterns for people who are ill 1. The sick are permitted to withdraw temporarily from other roles or at least reduce their involvement in them. 2. It is assumed that the sick cannot simply will the sickness away. 1. The sick are expected to define their condition as undesirable. 2. The sick are expected to seek and to follow the advice of competent health-care providers. Conflict Theory Challenges many health care practices. Success of the medical profession is due to the power it possesses because of its alliances with the dominant capitalist class....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/03/2011 for the course SMTHG IDK taught by Professor Prfsr during the Spring '10 term at University of Louisville.

Page1 / 39

chapter15 - Chapter 15 Health Care and Aging Health Care as...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online