Karl.Marx.PPP - Karl Marx 1818-1883...

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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style Karl Marx 1818-1883
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style I. Biographical Information  Born in Trier, Germany  Jewish family, grandfathers were rabbis  Father a civil servant, converted to Christianity  to save job  Marx was an atheist as an adult  Studied law at Bonn and Berlin Later turned to his true loves–philosophy & economics
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style 1843 Married Jenny Westphalen and moved to Paris,               Studied history of the French Revolution 1848 Invited back to Paris by French provisional gov’t Involved in socialist efforts Lived in abject poverty with wife & daughters
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style Close friends with Fredrich Engels–his benefactor  and collaborator movements throughout Europe By the end of his life, he proclaimed, “ I am not a  Marxist .”
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style A. European socialist and workers’ rights movements. A. French Revolution--resulted in a capitalist republic in France, a  necessary stage on the road to a communist utopia  A. Jean-Jacques Rousseau— (1712-1778)
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style C. Rousseau Concerned about a loss of meaning in life;        Believed eople are “noble savages” but can be corrupted by society; Favored a system of participatory democracy that would curb  individualistic impulses in people. 
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style D. Teleology–the idea that society is “progressing” toward  some end point
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style E. Georg W.F. Hegel (1770-1831) Believed that dominant beliefs       in any era affect social order.        --Hegel is an “ idealis t”—       one who believes that people’s shared beliefs shape and structure  society. -- “ Reification ”—The process by which people share ideas, then  order society as if the ideas were real.              
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 10/3/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style  Reification  is the term for the “social construction of reality”              “If people define a situation as real, it will be real in its  consequences”  (W.I. Thomas).
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Hegel uses a “ dialectical method ” to show how ideas  develop in  opposition to one another         Thesis –the dominant beliefs of any era   A nti-thesis
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Karl.Marx.PPP - Karl Marx 1818-1883...

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