SOCL 100: INTRODUCTORY SOCIOLOGY
REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 2
The exam will have not more than (50) questions comprised of a combination of multiple
choice and True/False type questions.
The exam will consist of questions drawn from assigned readings.
There are basically three types of questions. The questions will test your knowledge skills,
definitional skills, and conceptual skills. The definition questions require simple recall of the
definition of a term used in the readings or lectures. The knowledge questions are factual
items that test your knowledge of the readings or lecture material. The conceptual questions
test your ability to apply information learned from the readings/lecture.
Some important terms and concepts
You want to ensure that you familiarize yourself with all the key concepts in the book. In
your review, put emphasis (but DO NOT limit yourselves) to the following:
Groups and Organizations (Shepard, ch.6); Different types of groups –categories,
aggregates, groups, primary and secondary groups, reference groups;
out-groups; Dyads, triads and social networks, how important are social networks?
Know what groupthink is and its manifestation; Be familiar with the Stanley Milgram
and Asch experiments; Types of organizations including an understanding of
bureaucracy; Gender, racial, ethnic and class issues in organizations.
Deviance and Social Control (Shepard, ch.7); Read on nature of deviance, conditions
that affect the definition of deviance,
forms of social control, sociological critiques of
biological and psychological explanations of deviance. Be familiar with the various
sociological theories of deviance (Functionalism, conflict and symbolic
interactionism), juvenile crime, know the various approaches to crime control.
Social stratification (Shepard, ch.8); Difference between social stratification and
social class; Be familiar with the works of Karl Marx and Max Weber;
stratification – functionalism, Conflict, symbolic interactionist; Class system-
different classes, caste system; Poverty in the U.S. (including absolute, relative
poverty and feminization of poverty); Combating poverty;
Types of social mobility.
Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity (Shepard ch.9). Define minority. What is the
significance of race and ethnicity? Be familiar with patterns of racial and ethnic
relations. Read about the nature of prejudice and discrimination. What are the various
theories of prejudice and discrimination? Know what institutional discrimination is.
Inequalities of Gender (Shepard ch.10). Understand both biological and cultural
antecedents of gender. Make sure you are familiar with the various theoretical
perspectives on gender (functionalism, conflict, symbolic interaction). Be familiar
with sex stereotypes and gender roles and what kinds of conflicts and strain are
associated with the various gender roles.
Be familiar with the various issues of
gender inequality (women as a minority groups, occupational and economic