Anthro1003.Shuar_Yanomamo_LECTURE.06.pptx

Anthro1003.Shuar_Yanomamo_LECTURE.06.pptx - Primitive war...

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Primitive war
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Examples: the Shuar and the Yanomamo 1) Why do Humans go to war? 2) Is man instinctively warlike and aggressive? 3) Does war make (evolutionary) sense? 4) Under what conditions is it adaptive? 5) What is the difference between the reasons people give for going to war and the reasons why they actually go to war?
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When Interviewed, why do people say they go to war? 1)  To capture the soul of an enemy. 2)  To prove their bravery. 3)  Vengeance and revenge for  previous  wrongs. 4)  Cannibalism. 5)  To defend their territory and way  of life. BUT: In reality, they lack alternate solutions to their  problems (Harris).
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Larger questions: q How does the difficulty of the ethnographic experience bias the ways in which an anthropologist describes and represents the culture? (the role of culture shock ). q What are the differences between the ways in which the anthropologist sees the culture, and the ways in which the natives see and make use of their own culture? What are the anthropologists missing? (The anthropological disease = Idealized Cultures ).
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SHUAR (JIVARO = “uncivilized”) History: Fought off attempts by the Spanish to colonize them. Fought from ambush. Great uprising in 1599. Famous for warfare and taking of heads. High sex ratios. Live in dispersed communal houses which are fortified with palisades. Patrilocal residence pattern. Invented the blowgun for hunting monkeys. Chonta Palm + bone mouthpiece. Processing of Bitter Manioc with TIPITI. TSANTSAS: demonstrate bravery, acquisition of arutam soul (+ 2 others). Shaman also throw magical darts.
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SHUAR IMAGES Location Warriors Tsantsa
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SHUAR WARRIORS
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Ceja de la Montaña (below the eyebrow of the Andes mountains) v Upper Amazon Basin v Dense tropical forest, now partially cleared for cattle raising v Forest canopy - little light gets to floor. v Animals hard to find. v Men adapt hunting technology to animal
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SHUAR ENVIRONMENTS
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Shuar houses:
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PROCESSING BITTER MANIOC 1. A manioc farm. 2. Women carrying harvested manioc back from the fields
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. Peeling and grating the raw manioc. 4. Squeezing
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Anthro1003.Shuar_Yanomamo_LECTURE.06.pptx - Primitive war...

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