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constitutional debate paper

constitutional debate paper - 1 Medoro Andrew Medoro Dr...

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Andrew Medoro Dr. Baker Political Science 241 22 September 2011 All Laws Necessary and Proper The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was an arduous and challenging time for our young nation. One of the great causes for debate was the issue of Federalism, or to what level of sovereignty each level of government has. Those who supported a strong central government became known as the Federalists and those who believed that the majority of power should lie with the states were known as the Anti-Federalists. An issue of great debate within the convention came from Article 1, Section 8 of the United States Constitution. This article then became known as the “necessary and proper” clause; in a sense it gave all lawmaking powers specifically to Congress. The Anti-Federalists felt this upset the balance of power among the branches of government, and gave Congress an inadequate amount of control. This debate set the stage for further conflict among the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, which helped contribute to our modern day Marble Cake Federalism. Federalist reforms such as the necessary and proper clause allow our Federal government to maintain effective authority over the individual states, rather than having in a sense disorder among our states and a Federal government powerless to intervene. The fledgling United States suffered under the burden of deciding which system of government would serve their nation best. For instance, the Federalists believed in a strong centralized government, one that left very little power in the hands of the states. Alternatively the Anti-Federalists felt that such a system would leave our new republic in 1
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the hands of a tyrannical authoritative central government. Prior to the ratification of the United States Constitution in 1787, our nation existed under the Articles of Confederation that was essentially an Anti-Federalist system. A system that left the majority of power in the hands of the States, and left a powerless ineffective central government in our nation’s capitol. In order to combat discrepancies left in such a weak confederation a Constitutional Convention was called in 1787, in order for our young nation to adopt and establish a new system of government. One which would hopefully reprimand several of the issues which resulted from such a weak ineffective system for instance, the federalists desired a federal system of currency. (Class Notes, September 1st/6th) These issues and
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