ch 3-5 study guide - To help focus your reading, here is a...

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To help focus your reading, here is a list of important topics for Module 2. Chapter 3 Temperature scales Kelvin- temperature scale on which the starting point is absolute zero, equivalent to -273 degrees Celsius Fahrenheit-temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is 32 Degrees Celsius and the boiling point is 212 Degrees Celsius. Celsius-temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is 0, and the boiling point is 100. Factors affecting temperature Latitude- Arc of a meridian between the Equator, and a given point on the globe. The closer to the equator, the warmer the climate. Surface type-water of the lands flowing freely (as streams) or impounded (as ponds, lakes, or marshes) C oastal or interior location-proximity to the Ocean, changes in temp are more dramatic the closer to the coast Elevation-Temperature decreases with elevation Atmospheric & Oceanic circulation- local temperatures can rise or fall rapidly when air from one region is brought into another. Transpiration-evaporation loss of water to the atmosphere from leaf spores to plants Evapotranspiration- combined water loss to the atmosphere by evaporation from the soil and transpiration Urban heat island- zone of warmer temperatures in the center of a city produced by enhanced absorption of solar radiation by urban surfaces and by waste heat release How and why are temperature regimes different in urban and rural areas- the urban heat zone creates higher levels of solar radiation mountain environments- the higher up you are the more temperature fluctuation there is How and why are temperature regimes different at high elevation? (see Figure 3.10)
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heat index/wind chill- How do wind and humidity affect the way air temperature feels? structure of atmosphere
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ch 3-5 study guide - To help focus your reading, here is a...

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