Plant Anatomy - Plant Anatomy...

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Plant Anatomy What are the different parts of plants and  how do they function?
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What are the functions of roots? Whitish or tan in color Make up one-half or more of the entire plant  body Absorb water and nutrients from the soil the  transport them above ground Serve to anchor and support the top portion on  plant Can store carbohydrates to be used later for  energy by plant
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What are the parts of a root system? Primary root- first structure to emerge from  germinating seed Secondary root- arises from the primary root Don’t transplant seedlings or cuttings until after  secondary root forms Root hairs- single cell roots located a few mm  back from root tip, absorb water Root cap- mass of cells that protects root tips  from coarse soil
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What are the differences between taproot and fibrous root systems? Taproot One large primary root that grows down +  small secondary roots Fibrous root Root develops into a number of small primary  and secondary roots Grow shallow near the soil line Subjected to drought and mineral deficiencies Most landscape plants
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What are modified roots? Adventitious roots Begin growing from stem or leaf Grow from cuttings after being placed in  growing medium 
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Support leaves, flowers, and fruit
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Plant Anatomy - Plant Anatomy...

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