CHP08_Social Process Theory_Adjslimmed

CHP08_Social Process Theory_Adjslimmed - Remainder of...

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Unformatted text preview: Remainder of Semester Information x This week and next week we will finish up Social This Process Theories and Integrated Theories (chapts. 8 and 10). and x Next week (Tuesday) we will finish integrated theories Next and briefly review for final exam. and x I am removing one quiz which means we have 1 quiz am left and 3 remaining class sessions (so we will have a total of 3 quiz scores – 2 quizzes and one paper). total x Final Examination will be Dec. 3, 0600-0945 in HPA Final 126. 126. The Influences of Peers, Cliques and Crowds • To what extent is our behavior influenced by others? • Do all people affect our behavior to the same degree? • Do different kinds of people have different kinds of Do effects on our behavior? • How do these questions relate to delinquency and crime control? Branches of Social Process Theory x Social Learning Theories Assumes people are born good and learn to be bad Assumes x Social Control Theories Assumes people are born bad and learn to be good Assumes x Labeling Theory Assumes whether good or bad, people are controlled by reactions of others reactions Social Process Theory: Social Learning Major Premise: Major People learn to commit crime from exposure to antisocial definitions. Social Learning Theories Differential Association MAJOR PREMISE Criminal behavior depends on the person’s experiences with rewards for conventional behaviors and deviant ones. Being rewarded for deviance leads to crime. STRENGTHS STRENGTHS Adds learning theory Adds principles to differential principles association. Links sociological and psychological psychological principles. 9 Premises - Sutherland Sutherland’s 9 Premises of Differential Association See Text for 9 Premises 4 Key Principles x x Criminal Behavior is Learned x Learning of Behavior occurs in intimate groups x Learning of Criminal includes learning the techniques of committing the Learning crimes crimes x Crime occurs when DEFINITIONS favorable to crime outweigh Crime DEFINITIONS definitions not favorable to crime definitions Matza’s Neutralization Theory x People neutralize behavior and neutralization People techniques learned through interaction techniques x Techniques of Neutralization Denial of Responsibility Denial Denial of Injury Denial Denial of Victims Denial Condemnation of Condemners Condemnation Appeal to Higher Loyalities Appeal Social Control Theories Containment Theory PREMISE PREMISE Society produces pushes and Society pulls toward crime. In some people, they are counteracted by internal and external containments, such as a good containments, self-concept and group cohesiveness. Control Theory – Hirschi’s Version MAJOR PREMISE A person’s bond to society prevents him or her from violating social rules. If the bond weakens, the person is free to commit crime. 4 Elements of Social Bond Elements of the Social Bond Commitment Attachment Criminal Behavior Belief Involvement Labeling Theory MAJOR PREMISE MAJOR People enter into law-violating careers when they are labeled for their acts and organize their personalities around the labels. STRENGTH Explains the role of society in creating deviance. Explains why some juvenile offenders do not become adult criminals. Develops concepts of criminal careers. Labeling Theory General Theory of Deviance MAJOR PREMISE MAJOR People exposed to negative labels People experience self-rejection, which causes them to bond with social outcasts. them Social Social reaction Deviant act Secondary deviance Negative Label Degradation Ceremonies Ceremonies THE LABELING PROCESS Deviance amplification Selflabeling Deviant Deviant subculture Social Process Theory and Social Policy Policy Learning theories influence development of facilities to “unlearn” criminality of x Control theories influence programs to increase bonds to established values, like the Head Start program the x Labeling theories influence diversion and restitution programs restitution x ...
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