Integrated Theoryj - Integrated Theories of Crime...

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Unformatted text preview: Integrated Theories of Crime Multifactor Theories – 1st hint of interdisciplinary work interdisciplinary Latent Trait Theories Developmental or Life Course Theories INTEGRATED THEORIES INTEGRATED Multiple factor theories that attempt to blend seemingly independent concepts into coherent explanations of criminality. Multifactor Theories Social Development Model (SDM) MAJOR MAJOR PREMISE PREMISE Weak Social controls produce crime. A person’s place in the structure influences his or her bond to society. STRENGTHS Combines Combines elements of social structural and social process theories. Accounts for variations in the crime rate. the Multifactor Theories: Elliott’s Integrated Theory MAJOR PREMISE Strained and weak social bonds lead Strained youths to associate with and learn from deviant groups. deviant STRENGTHS Combines elements of learning, strain, and Combines control theories. control Multifactor Theories: Integrated Structural Theory MAJOR PREMISE Delinquency is a function of family life, which is in turn controlled by the family’s place in the economic system. STRENGTHS Explains the Explains relationship between family problems and delinquency in terms of social and economic conditions. conditions. Latent Trait Theories B e h a v i o r Age An individuals level of self control (a latent An trait) is established early in life and their behavioral trajectory will forever be stable (good or bad). (good Latent Trait Theories: General Theory MAJOR PREMISE People choose to commit People crime when they lack selfcrime control. People lacking in control. self-control will seize criminal opportunities. criminal Merges Choice and Control Theories Together The General Theory of Crime The Impulsive personality Low self-control Crime and Crime deviance deviance Criminal Opportunity Weakening of social bonds Questions That Are Important to Life-course Theorists Why people begin committing antisocial acts? Why do some stop or desist, while others continue or persist? Why do some escalate the severity of their criminality that is, go from shoplifting to drug dealing to armed robbery- while others deescalate and commit less serious crime as they mature? If some terminate their criminal activity, what, if anything, causes them to begin again? Why do some criminals specialize in certain types of crime, while others are generalists engaging in a garden variety of antisocial behavior? Developmental or Life Course Theories B e h a v i o r Age As individuals mature and develop over the As lifecourse, different socializing and life experiences affect behavioral trajectories. So once deviant, not necessarily always deviant once Problem Behavior Syndrome (PBS) A group of antisocial behaviors that cluster together and typically involve family dysfunction, substance abuse, smoking, precocious sexuality and early pregnancy, educational underachievement, suicide attempts, sensation seeking, and unemployment. Life-Course Theories Personal Personal and social factors control the onset and stability of criminal careers. careers. Farrington’s Farrington’s MAJOR theory of Major Premise Major PREMISE delinquent delinquent development Makes use Makes of data collected over a 20over year period year to substantiate hypothesis hypothesis Life-Course Theories: Interactional Theory MAJOR PREMISE - Criminals go through lifestyle changes during their offending careers. STRENGTHS - Combines sociological and psychological theories. ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course CCJ 3014 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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