Trait Theoriesslim - Trait Theory(Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime 1 Biology,Psychology,andCrime EarlyTraitTheories(Foundations 1 2 3

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1 Trait Theory (Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime)
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2 Biology, Psychology, and Crime Criminological Classifications Early Trait Theories (Foundations) Demise of Biological Explanations Contemporary Trait Theories 1. Causes for re-emergence 2. Core Principles 3. Subranches
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3 Foundations of Biological Trait  Theory Biological explanation of criminal behavior first  became popular during the middle part of the  19th Century with the introduction of positivism. Early positivists included: Lombroso (belief in certain physical characteristics  indicate a criminal nature) Ferri (belief in biological, social and organic factors  as a cause of crime and delinquency) Sheldon (belief in body type)
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4 Theories Lombroso DEVIATION IN HEAD SIZE AND SHAPE FROM TYPE COMMON  TO RACE AND REGION FROM WHICH THE CRIMINAL CAME  ASYMMETRY OF THE FACE  EYE DEFECTS AND PECULIARITIES  EXCESSIVE DIMENSIONS OF THE JAW AND CHEEK BONES  EARS OF UNUSUAL SIZE, OR OCCASIONALLY VERY SMALL,  OR STANDING OUT FROM THE HEAD AS DO THOSE OF THE  CHIMPANZEE  NOSE TWISTED, UPTURNED, OR FLATTENED IN THIEVES, OR  AQUILINE OR BEAK-LIKE IN MURDERERS, OR WITH A TIP  RISING LIKE A PEAK FROM SWOLLEN NOSTRILS.  LIPS FLESHY, SWOLLEN, & PROTRUDING  ABUNDANCE, VARIETY, AND PRECOCITY OF WRINKLES  INVERSION OF SEX CHARACTERS IN THE PELVIC ORGANS  EXCESSIVE LENGTH OF ARMS 
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5 Foundations of Trait Theory  Sheldon   The view that criminals have  physical or mental traits that make  them different or abnormal Somatotype (body-build) makes people susceptible to  delinquent behavior Mesomorphs  – muscular/athletic (aggression) Ectomorphs  – tall/thin (intellectual)  Endomorphs  – heavy/slow (fences)
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6 Sheldon (Somatotype Theory) Endomorphic Ectomorphic Mesomorphic
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7 Methodology Methodology Testing Testing Biophobia Biophobia Debunking Early Positivist  Theories The research of  The research of  the earliest  the earliest  positivists   positivists   (who were  (who were  biologists) was  biologists) was  plagued by  plagued by  poor: poor: Lack of attention to  Lack of attention to  sociological constructs sociological constructs
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8 Foundations of Trait Theory Impact of Sociobiology Sociobiology reemerged in the 1970s Edmund O. Wilson  Sociobiologists view the gene as the ultimate unit of human  destiny  Ensuring of survival  reciprocal altruism
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2011 for the course CCJ 3014 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Trait Theoriesslim - Trait Theory(Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime 1 Biology,Psychology,andCrime EarlyTraitTheories(Foundations 1 2 3

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