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POL 142 Midterm Study Guide

POL 142 Midterm Study Guide - POL 142 Midterm Study Guide...

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POL 142 Midterm Study Guide Politics- Who gets WHAT, WHEN, HOW Civil Rights- Statutes enacted after the Civil War to prevent discrimination based on race, color, age, religion, gender Civil Liberties- restraints put on the government providing rights guaranteed by the constitution Movement- Series of objectives to attain a goal (in civil rights) CONSTITUTION, CIVIL RIGHTS, CASES American dream- justice, liberty, opportunity, equality The Constitution: 1. Grants and limits powers of the government 2. Establishes framework of government 3. Lays out rights of citizens Article I – Congress – Make laws Article II – Executive- Enforce laws Article III – Judicial - Interpret laws Republican Government- Representative Democracy Exfacto Law- A person commits an action that is legal Expost Facto- Government passes a law that makes that action illegal, then charges the person Writ of Habeas Corpus- Someone in jail must be provided an explanation of their holding, or they can be released Bill of Attainder- Legislature punishes someone or a group of people without a trial Judicial Review- Invalidates unconstitutional actions by congress and the president, interprets the constitution Writ of Mandumus- “we command” A higher court ordering a lower court to send a case Plaintiff- Who brings about a case Defendant- Who the case is brought against Appallent- Person who lost at lower court, and appeals Appallee- who won at lower court Petitioner- Lost the case Petitionee- Won the case Judiciary Act 1789- established the Supreme Court, 3 circuit courts, 13 district courts. Today: 13 circuit courts, 94 district courts
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Civil Law- A law that governs relations between individuals, defines civil rights. Says government can’t do certain things. Criminal Law- Defines crimes against public order, provides for punishment. Felony- a serious crime that results in a year or more in jail Misdemeanor- less serious crime less than 1 year in jail Writ of Certiori- the primary way to get to the Supreme Court.
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POL 142 Midterm Study Guide - POL 142 Midterm Study Guide...

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