(b)In this example one bromine is attached to a primary and the other to a secondary carbon.Phthalimide anion is a good nucleophile and reacts with alkyl halides by the SN2 mechanism.It attacks the less hindered primary carbon.(c)Both bromines are bonded to primary carbons, but branching at the adjacent carbon hindersnucleophilic attack at one of them.22.31(a)Amines are basic and are protonated by hydrogen halides.(b)Equimolar amounts of benzylamine and sulfuric acid yield benzylammonium hydrogensulfate as the product.(c)Acetic acid transfers a proton to benzylamine.BenzylamineAcetic acidBenzylammonium acetateC6H5CH2NH21CH3COHOC6H5
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