Ch7pt2 - Marriage 90% of whites and 67% of African...

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1 90% of whites and 67% of African Americans are projected to eventually marry Literature suggests great change in marriage Marriage
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2 Preindustrial Western nations guided by law and customs From Institution to Companionship
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3 The institutional marriage : Marriage with emphasis on male authority, duty, and conformity to social norms Pre-20th century companionship and sexual fulfillment became norms for successful marriage The Institutional Marriage
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4 Companionate marriage : Emphasis on affection, friendship, and sexual gratification 1950s bargain: Homemaker + breadwinner The Companionate Marriage
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5 Husband—work role; wife—social roles By mid-1960s changes occurred Roles became more flexible Mental health surveys suggested a shift in satisfaction from companionship marriage model From Companionship to Individualization
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Figure 7.1 Percentage of magazine articles containing at least one of three themes about marriage: self development, flexible and negotiable roles, and communication and openness 6
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7 Individualized marriage : Emphasis on self-development, flexible roles, and open communication People were using internal criteria Toward the Individualized Marriage
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8 U.S. more industrialized and urbanized Increased standard of living Type of marriage transitions had economic roots For working-class, breadwinner- homemaker norm Wage work provided young adults with independence from parents Influence of Economic Change
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Marriage Meaning of marriage different today People seek personal growth/self-
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2011 for the course SOCL 2505 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '06 term at LSU.

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Ch7pt2 - Marriage 90% of whites and 67% of African...

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